By Graysen Denning

Geography and Travel

Latvia's Geography

Latvia is mainly flat with some small hills. The highest point in Latvia is 1,022 ft. The 5 major rivers are Daugava, Gauja, Lielupe, Venta and Salaca.

Travel in Latvia

Latvia is a very easy country to reach. Latvia is part of the European Union which means it has open borders making travel easy. There is only one airport in Latvia that allows commercial airlines to land. Travelers can also get around by Latvia via trains and boats. Latvian people also walk a lot.

Government and Foreign Policy


The Government of Latvia is a Parliamentary Republic. The executive branch is made up of the Parliament and the Cabinet of Ministers. The Prime Minister is the head of the government. The President is basically a ceremonial leader of the government.

President Raimonds Vējonis of Latvia

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Prime minster Māris Kučinskis of Latvia

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Conversion rate of Latvia's money and US money

One Latvian Euro is worth 1.61 of US Dollars. Latvia moved to the Euro in 2014. The currency in Latvia prior to converting to the Euro was called the Latvian lats.

Exports and Imports of Latvia

Exports include:

Wood and Wood products

Imports include:

Machinery and equipment



Main Trade Partners include:

Russia, Germany, Sweden and Lithuania

GDP Per Capita

GDP per capita for Latvia is 15,375 USD in comparison the United States GDP per capita is 53,041 USD. Latvia is not a wealthy country compared to the US.

Social and Ethnic groups

School Systems

Most children go to school from the ages of 6-18. Latvia's literacy rate is 99.9%. Latvia has a large state run school system, however there are private schools children can attend. There are on-level and higher level class. The grading systems is based on a 1-10 scale. 10 is the best and 1 is the worst grade you can receive. More than 90% of Latvian children attend state schools.

Religion and Language


Latvia's main religion is Christianity, and Lutheranism is the main denomination.


The official language of Latvia is Latvian. About 58% of Latvia people speak Latvian. 38% of people speak Russian, and 4% of people speak other langues.
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Holidays and Festivals


  • 4 of May is Restoration of Independence Day - Latvia celebrates its independence from the Soviet Union on this day every year.
  • 24 of June is Midsummer - Also known St. John's Day. The Latvians celebrate the Summer Solstice during this time.
  • 26 of December is Boxing day second day of Christmas - This holiday relates to when servants and tradesmen would receive gifts from their masters or employer. (Typically celebrated the Saturday after Christmas)

Traditional Latvian Food