Chapter 19: Central Eastern Europe

By: Jamie Castner

The Czech Republic

-Population Size: 10 million people

-Type of Government: Democratic

-Velvet Revolution: Revolution without bloodshed that resulted in the election of a democratic parliament.

-Bohemia: Contains many resources and contains Czech's capital city Prague.

-Moravia: Too inefficient to compete in World Market.

-Challenge the country faces: Acid rain and industrial pollution has destroyed forests.

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Slovakia

-Independence: Became independent in 1993 when Czechoslovakia was divided.

-Population Size: Over 5 million people

-Collective Farming: Workers are being paid by the government and they share the profit from the products.

-Challenge the country faces: Economy

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Hungary

-Major ethnic group: Magyars

-Type of government: Non-communist government

-Size of the country: Size of the state of Indiana

-Country's nickname: "bread basket" of Europe

-Challenges the country faces: Unemployment, government in debt., and reducing government debt.

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Romania

-Population Size: 23 million people

-Nicolae Ceausescu: Second leader, led nation to economic chaos, executed in 1989.

-Economic chaos example: Energy was so scarce that television aired only 2 hours each night.

-American soft drink maker: Entrepreneurs have made small fortunes selling soft drinks in Romania.

-Multiplier effect: Eleven new jobs have been added to Romania's economy for each job that the soft drink company created.

-Challenges that the country faces: Poverty.

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Bulgaria

-Nickname: Garden of Eastern Europe

-Type of Government it once had: Communist, but now they have a democratic government.

-Challenges the country faces: When they turned into a democratic government, their economy went into a tailspin.

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Albania

-Population Size: 3.5 million people

-Nickname: Europe's hermit

-Effect of isolation: Caused Albania to be one of the poorest nations in Europe.

-End of Communism: Albania has received billions of dollars from foreign nations and from Albanians who have relocated to live in other countries.

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Yugoslavia

-Meaning of the name: Land of the southern slavs

-Effect of Communism ending: all that was left of Yugoslavia were the republics of Serbia and Montenegro.

-Why the country broke apart: The other Balkan Nations made themselves independent.

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Serbia/Montenegro

-Physical Geography: Rugged peaks of Montenegro and the fertile plains of Serbia.

-Economic disaster: GDP reduced by half, unemployment raised, break up of Yugoslavia, and wars that followed.

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Croatia

-Population Size: 5 million people

-Conflict between the Croats and the Serbs: Their differences in language and practices have been highlighted by frequent conflicts between Serbs and Croats.

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Slovenia

-Population Size: 2 million people

-Impact on industry: Slovenia was expected to recover quickly from the problems brought by war and independence.

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Bosnia/Herzegovina

-Independence: Became independent in 1991.

-Conflict among peoples: Long-standing hostilities among different groups in Bosnia and Herzegovina erupted into war when Communist control ended.

-Resources: Abundant mineral resources

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Macedonia

-Tensions among Greece/Albania: Complicated trade patterns and hampered the Macedonian economy.
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