Chief Justice John Marshall

Riley Pastrick

Marbury v Madison 1803

  • The newly organized Democratic-Republican party of Thomas Jefferson defeated the Federalist party of John Adams, creating an atmosphere of political panic for the lame duck Federalist

  • Played a key role in making the Supreme Court a separate branch of government on par with Congress and the executive.
  • Established the judicial review

Fletcher v Peck 1810

  • Marks the first time the Supreme Court holds a state law unconstitutional
  • Important because of the part it played in establishing a legal doctrine used to limit the rights of indigenous peoples

Martin v Hunter's Lesse 1816

  • Court reasserts its power to review and overturn state court decisions touching on federal questions
  • The significance of Martin v Hunter's lessee deals with the power of state and federal courts

Cohens v Virginia 1821

  • This was a united states supreme court decision most noted for the Court's assertion of its power to review state supreme court decisions in criminal law matters when the defendant claims that their Constitutional rights have been violated

Dartmouth College v Woodward 1819

  • Court rules that the contract clause of the Constitution protects the corporate charter granted to Dartmouth from interference by New Hampshire's Republican-controlled state legislature

McCulloch v Maryland 1819

  • Under the implied powers doctrine, Congress has the constitutional authority to charter a national bank, and strikes a Maryland law imposing a state tax on all branches of the bank located within the state