BY: Ben Brookover, Nick Bade, Bradley Johnson

Important People

  • Horace Mann (1796-1859) “Father of the Common School”
  • -Felt that the Common school would be a great equalizer for society. it was essential for the harmony and stability of society.

    - Created a 6 month minimum school year

    -He campaigned in Massachusetts for better school houses, longer school terms, expanded curriculum and higher pay for teachers.

    - His ideals spread to other, mostly northern states.

  • Noah Webster (1758-1843) “School Master of the Republic”

-Created American dictionary of 1828

-Wrote Grammatical Institute of the English Language.

  • John Joseph Hughes (1797-1864)

-Led movement for denominational public schools so the large Irish Catholic immigrant population would not have to do things like read out of the King James Bible.

  • Catherine Beech (1800-1878)

-Pushed for women’s education in schools.

  • Booker T. Washington (1856-1915)

-Wanted education and raised social/economic status for African Americans.

Important Things to Know

  • Wealthy families funded most public schools.

  • Text books promoted Patriotism

  • Teachers taught only the 3 R’s: “Readin’, Ritin’, and Rithmetic”

  • Teachers were ill-tempered, ill-paid, and were ill-trained

  • from 1825-1850 there was a strong support for tax supported education

  • Schools were inefficient

Modern Day Education Reform

The Common Core State Standards Initiative is an educational initiative that tells what K-12 students should know in English and math at the end of every grade. The initiative is sponsored by the National Governors Association (NGA) and the Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO). This is an attempt to set an education standard across states. This is believed to help high school students that graduate are prepared for classes that would be in a 2 or 4 year college.

Some of the Important people