Court Cases

the United States Supreme Court

Red Scare

The promotion of fear of a potential rise of communism or radical leftism, used by anti-leftist proponents. In the United States, the First Red Scare was about worker (socialist) revolution and political radicalism. The Second red scare was focused on national and foreign communists influencing society, infiltrating the federal government, or both.
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Palmer Raids

A series of raids by the United States Department of Justice intended to capture, arrest and deport radical leftists, especially anarchists, from the United States. The raids and arrests occurred in November 1919 and January 1920 under the leadership of Attorney General A Mitchell Palmer.

Sacco and Vanzetti

Nicola Sacco (April 22, 1891 – August 23, 1927) and

Bartolomeo Vanzetti (June 11, 1888 – August 23, 1927)

were Italian-bornanarchists who were convicted of murdering a guard and a paymaster during the armed robbery of a shoe factory in Braintree, Massachusetts, United States in 1920 and were executed.

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The Trial of Sacco and Vanzetti

  • within the USA they both received help from labor workers and other anarchist

  • The trial highlighted the fear of immigration for some Americans

  • Racism, prejudice and disagreement rose between Italy and America

  • America was scared to have immigrants in the area because they thought they were murdering people

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Schenck vs. United States

In Schenck v. United States (1919), the Supreme Court invented the famous "clear and present danger" test to determine when a state could constitutionally limit an individual's free speech rights under the First Amendment.
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