The New Deal
the three r's: RELIEF, RECOVERY, AND REFORM
Opponents of the new deal
Liberals thought that the New Deal did too much for businesses and not enough for the unemployed and working poor. Conservatives opposed the New Deal for giving federal government too much power. Programs such as WPA and laws such as the Wagner Act was borderline communism. Demagogues provided the American people with the relief they need from "evil conspiracies". Father Charles E. Coughlin was a Catholic priest from Michigan Whose anti-New Deal harangues in the 1930's became so anti- Semitic, fascist, and demagogic that he was silenced by his superiors. Dr. Francis E. Townsend, a California physician, appealed to the elders of the nation promising each person over 60 years old $200 a month. Huey Long was a Louisiana senator whose "Share Our Wealth" programs and promises of $5,000 to all poor families. Long challenged Roosevelt's leadership and decided to run for presidency but was ended with his assassination in 1935. The Supreme Court opposed the New Deal because of the 9 members 7 were Republicans who didn't agree with Roosevelt's New Deal laws.
FDR: I Welcome Their Hatred
rise of unions
The Committee of Industrial Organizations (C.I.O.) was the new union group that organized large numbers of unskilled workers with the help of the Wagner Act and the National Labor Relations Board. it was formed by all the industrial unions along with the A.F. of L. Workers at General Motors plant in Flint, MI participated in a sit down strike until the governor recognized the United Automotive workers union. In steel industries recognized the C.I.O. unions, smaller unions tried to resent them but their efforts were futile. Fair Labor Standards Act made it a federal law that established certain minimum requirements for employee's hours, wages, premium overtime, and payroll records.
The Uprising of '34 - PREVIEW
Last phase of the new deal
The economy was gradually showing signs of bettering; banks were stable, business earnings moving up, but unemployment had declined to 25%. In 1937 the economy worsened and entered a recessionary period. It was Roosevelt's plan to reduce and balance the budget of the nation with new social programs. Roosevelt's economic advisers adopted the Keynesian theory to spend above its tax revenues to initiate economic growth. The economy improved, but it wasn't restored to the time when it flourished.
FDR Fireside Chat 12: On the Recession
LIFE DURING THE DEPRESSION
Women wanted to work and help support their families but the few jobs that were available were reserved for the men. The Dust bowl was a period of severe dust storms that greatly damaged the ecology and agriculture of the US and Canadian prairies during the 1930's ; severe drought and a failure to apply dry-land farming methods to prevent wind erosion. Farmers plowed the prairie grasses and planted dry land wheat. As the demand for wheat products grew, cattle grazing was reduced, and millions more acres were plowed and planted. African Americans relied on farming for survival along with what little money they earned. it was hard to distinguish the Great Depression from poverty; it was their way of life.Native Americans, like most minorities, received no relief or support from the government. They were forced to accept the Indian Reorganization Act to receive relief or social programs, but did not receive any of the programs promised. During the Great Depression the Mexican Repatriation took place. During the 10 years, 1929-1939, as many as 2 million people Mexican descent were forced or pressured to leave the US.
Life During the Great Depression