Modern Texas

World War I, The Great Depression, and World War II

World War One

Archduke Franz Ferdinand

Archduke Franz Ferdinand is shot to death. This is what sparked WW1.

Woodrow Wilson

Woodrow Wilson was a part of the South. One of his quotes were "Because I love the South, I rejoice in the failure of the Confederacy." Woodrow Wilson was 28th President of the US from 1913 to 1921. He is best remembered for keeping the US out of the war, until entering World War I in 1917.


Tanks were used for the first time in WW1.

The Death Toll

In WW1 more than 38 million people died. Over 20 million injured. & million civilians died. 11 million military personnel. Making WW1 one of the most deadly wars.
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What caused the U.S. to enter WWI?

Germany sends the secret Zimmerman message. Another reason is because Germany kept sinking boats.

How did Texas play an important role during the war?

Each family gave away about $400 in the US and Texas is part of the US.

How did WWI end?

the U.S blew a Bomb on japan showing that we weren't playing. Then Germany surrendered

The Great Depression

Franklin D. Rosevelt

Franklin Delano Roosevelt dealt with the Great Depression by implementing the New Deal. The New Deal included programs for all sorts of things. There were programs to give relief to people put out of work by the Depression and to try to end some of the conditions that started the Depression. There were reforms to prevent another Depression from happening.

Herbert Hoover

In 1929 was the start of the Great Depression. Banks and businesses failed across the country. Unemployment rates rose from 3 percent in 1929 to 23 percent in 1932. Millions of Americans lost their jobs, homes and families. Many people were forced to wait in bread lines for food and to live in shantytowns known as Hooverville. (Named after the president of the time, Herbert Hoover.)

Migrant Mother

This is a famous art piece drawn after the dust bowl

The Great Depression

During this time the dust bowl came through parts of New Mexico, Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma and Texas which made it harder to farm and grow crops. Many people were left jobless and homeless. Without a job nobody had a house. Without Farming people were starved to death. Our country was falling apart

How did Franklin D. Roosevelt pull the country out of depression?

Franklin Delano Roosevelt pulled America out of the great depression by giving people jobs.

Death Toll

The total deaths range from 50 million to more than 80 million. Over 80 million includes deaths from disease and famine. Civilians killed totalled 50 to 55 million, including 19 to 28 million from war-related disease and famine.


How were tenant farmers and miners affected by the Great Depression?

New machines made life easier for some farm families but they eliminated the jobs of other farmworkers, called sharecroppers and tenant farmers. Although they owned no land themselves, tenant farmers and sharecroppers felt the effect of farm failures. After the stock market crash, when some farm owners could no longer pay their mortgages or repay loans, banks foreclosed on them.

Which New Deal programs were important to Texas?

The new deal didn't end the Great Depression. In fact the jobless rate never went below 14%. It also encouraged farmers to have better farming practices. Farmers were encouraged, and sometimes paid, to rotate crops rather than plant wheat or cotton every year.

What caused the Dust Bowl and how did it affect farmers in Texas?

The dust bowl was a sandstorm that lasted over a year. The farmer weren't able to grow crops os they couldn't sell the crops. That made the farmers go out of business.



How did Texas contribute to the nation’s military effort in fighting World War II?

Each family gave away about $400 in the US and Texas is part of the US. Texans also fought in the war.
How did life changed for Texans on the home front during World War II?

Women got jobs making bullets and war supplies and at the same time watched their kids as well.

How did WWII end?

Germany surrendured on November 11, 1918, and all nations (Germany, Italy and Japan. Britain, France, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, India, the Soviet Union,China and the United States of America.) had agreed to stop fighting