Albinism

Read this to figure out what to do about Albinism.

Types of Albinism and Why it Occurs

There are many but the main ones are Oculocutaneous Albinism or Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome.

The way that Albinism happens is that one of the several genetic defects makes the body unable to produce or distribute melanin, a natural substance that gives color to your hair, skin, and iris of the eye. It is linked to the X-chromosome and it is inherited by parents giving you a recessive trait.

Here is a picture of a girl with Oculocutaneous Albinism.

Can you prevent it?

Albinism is a genetic disorder so it can not be prevented, other than avoiding all possible genetic combinations which will result in a recessive genotype. Although you can have the choice of that but there still might be a chance of your child having albinism.

if you do have a child with albinism it will not need much medical help unless you have Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome, they may just have to limit their outdoor time because of the damaging rays of the sun.

You can also have a prenatal diagnosis because now they have the analysis of the fetal genomic tyrosinase DNA it is a rapid and reliable approach to the prenatal diagnosis of Albinism at a relatively early stage of pregnancy.

Symptoms and Treatment

Symptoms and Treatment options

An absence in the hair color, skin, and eyes, lighter than normal in the hair color, skin, and eyes, or patches of skin that have an absence of color.

Some treatment options are:

- Wear sunglasses to protect eyes from UV rays.

- Wear protective clothing to protect your skin from the UV rays.

- Wear sunscreen to protect skin.

- Get prescription eyeglasses to correct vision problems.

- Get surgery on eye muscles to correct abnormal eye movements.

There is no cure for Albinism, but these treatment options help.

Scientific study

Unfortunately, there is no cure for Albinism but the scientists studying albinism are trying to find a cure. But to date, there is about 1 in 20,000 people worldwide are born with Albinism.