The Freudian Perspective
He spent most of his lifetime in Vienna. In 1899 he published a book called, " The interpretation of dreams' that established the basic ground work of for the theories and ideas that formed Psychoanalysis
Ex: during the Oedipus complex aggressive thoughts about the same sex parent are repressed.
Denial: Involves blocking external events from awareness; refuses to experience the situation
EX: Smokers may refuse to acknowledge that smoking is bad for their health.
Projection: Involves individuals attributing their own unacceptable thoughts, feelings, and motives onto another individual.
EX: A person who is rude may accuse other people of being rude.
Displacement: Satisfying an impulse with a substitute object.
EX:someone who may be frustrated by his or her boss at work may go home and kick their pet.
Regression: When dealing with stress a person may revert to childhood impulses
EX: Child may wet the bed or suck on thumb
Sublimation: Satisfying an impulse with a substitute object in a socially acceptable way.
EX: Feeling upset but choosing to ignore it by consuming yourself in your work.
(See the picture below for the stages)
Id, Ego, And Super Ego
Id: Is the unorganized part of the personality structure. It is the only component of personality that is present from birth. It acts according to the 'Pleasure Principle'; in which the body tries to satisfy the needs wanted in order to avoid pain or displeasure.
EX: A hungry baby will cry until it is fed
Ego: Acts more towards the 'Reality Principle.' It seeks to please the Id's needs in a more realistic way.
EX: Resisting the urge to steal an item from someone and buying it yourself.
Super Ego: reflects the internalization of cultural rules, mainly taught by the parents applying their guidance and influence. It aims for perfection. It also controls our Sense of right and wrong and the feelings of guilt.
EX: Finding a $5 bill at school and deciding to turn it in to the office instead of keeping it.