The Freudian Perspective

Kimberly Alley

Sigmund Freud

He was an Austrian neurologist who is known today as the Father of Psychoanalysis.

He spent most of his lifetime in Vienna. In 1899 he published a book called, " The interpretation of dreams' that established the basic ground work of for the theories and ideas that formed Psychoanalysis

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Defense Mechanisms

Repression: Is the unconscious mechanism employed by the ego to keep disturbing or threatening thoughts from becoming conscious.

Ex: during the Oedipus complex aggressive thoughts about the same sex parent are repressed.

Denial: Involves blocking external events from awareness; refuses to experience the situation

EX: Smokers may refuse to acknowledge that smoking is bad for their health.

Projection: Involves individuals attributing their own unacceptable thoughts, feelings, and motives onto another individual.

EX: A person who is rude may accuse other people of being rude.

Displacement: Satisfying an impulse with a substitute object.

EX:someone who may be frustrated by his or her boss at work may go home and kick their pet.

Regression: When dealing with stress a person may revert to childhood impulses

EX: Child may wet the bed or suck on thumb

Sublimation: Satisfying an impulse with a substitute object in a socially acceptable way.

EX: Feeling upset but choosing to ignore it by consuming yourself in your work.

Psychosexual development

This theory the most well known as well as the most controversial. Freud believed that we develop through stages based upon a particular erogenous zone. During each stage, an unsuccessful completion means that a child becomes fixated on that particular erogenous zone and either over or under-indulges once he or she becomes an adult.

(See the picture below for the stages)

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Id, Ego, And Super Ego

Id, ego, and super-ego are the three parts of the psychic apparatus defined in Sigmund Freud's structural model of the psyche.

Id: Is the unorganized part of the personality structure. It is the only component of personality that is present from birth. It acts according to the 'Pleasure Principle'; in which the body tries to satisfy the needs wanted in order to avoid pain or displeasure.

EX: A hungry baby will cry until it is fed

Ego: Acts more towards the 'Reality Principle.' It seeks to please the Id's needs in a more realistic way.

EX: Resisting the urge to steal an item from someone and buying it yourself.

Super Ego: reflects the internalization of cultural rules, mainly taught by the parents applying their guidance and influence. It aims for perfection. It also controls our Sense of right and wrong and the feelings of guilt.

EX: Finding a $5 bill at school and deciding to turn it in to the office instead of keeping it.

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