Classification History

By Mason Diffenderfer

350 B.C. Aristotle

He grouped animals according to such criteria as mode of reproduction and possession or lack of red blood.

375 B.C. Theophrastus

He was Aristotle's pupil and he classified plants according to their uses and methods of classification.

18th Century Carolus Linnaeus

He worked on a system that would organize descriptive classification from the smallest of related groups up to the very largest. The system he developed, with revisions, is the basic system still used today.

18th Century Georges Cuvier

He grouped classes into phyla and incorporated both fossils and living species into the classification.