Events In Arkansas Between the World Wars
The Great Depression
In 1929 a major stock market crash caused panicked U.S citizens to take out their money out of their banks all at once. They could not pay back all of the people causing the banks to close. It also left many out of work because business could pay their employees compensation. The situation grew more dire after a major drought in Arkansas and other states leaving them with little crops and food.
In Arkansas tenant farming began in order to replace farmer's former slave labor. During the Depression, these tenant farmers crashed into poverty because of drops in prices and demand for the agricultural goods they were producing. In fact they were referred to as a “picture of squalor, filth, and poverty" by federal investigators.
Flood of 1927
Oil Boom and Boom Towns
The New Deal
Racism in Arkansas
Many African Americans, to get away from racism, left Arkansas to seek better work because many companies rejected black applicants for jobs openings. Those who stayed were given injustices by the hands of their fellow white citizens. In the Elaine Massacre racist white Americans slaughtered many African Americans who were apart of Progressive Farmers and Household Union of America. Hundreds of them were murdered by rioting crowds of armed, racist white Americans after being “suspected” of being apart of at gunfight earlier. The white Americans made the excuse that the African Americans were going to kill American white men as a group against them.
Arkansas Journey textbook: information about Arkansas in between the World Wars
Great Depression:http://www.onlyinyourstate.com/arkansas/ar-great-depression/ Great Depression picture
http://stfm.astate.edu/tenant-farming-history/ Great Depression Information
Flood of 1927:
https://dee-burris.dreamwidth.org/95283.html Flood of 1927 picture
http://www.mainstreeteldorado.org/history.html Oil Boom picture and information
http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=2396: information on the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
The Elaine Massacre:
http://www.pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/stories_events_red.html: Details about The Elaine Massacre
http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=110: Information about the Elaine Massacre and pictures