The Rise Of The Feudal States
By: Audrey Samaras and KK Moe
-First royal house of France.
-Established 2 dynasties.
-Invaded Western Roman empire.
-Controlled modern day France Belgium and western Germany.
-Created the most powerful Christian kingdom of early mid evil Western Europe.
-Came into history 3rd century CE.
-Started at the base of the Rhine river.
Charlemagne as Holy Roman Emperor
- Born around 747 and died on January 28, 814.
- Son of Pippin the Short.
- Known as Charles the Great.
- When his brother Carloman, died in 771, he took over the Frankish realm.
- By Frankish tradition, known as warrior king.
- His Merovingian predecessors were good conquerors, but it resulted in having a kingdom of a lot of diversity. Which made rule for him very difficult.
- Goal was to unite all Germanic people into one kingdom, and for everyone's religion to be Christianity.
- A major conquest was the conquest of the Saxons in 772, which lasted more than 30 years.
- Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne emperor of the Romans.
- Also was the Carolingian king.
- Many victories.
- Crowned his son, Louis I, emperor in 813.
- Died in 814.
Why the feudal states emerged:
Effects of barbarian invasion on Europe:
Who- The western barbarians were mostly Germans and Scandinavians and the eastern barbarian tribe the goths. Barbarians mostly In all surrounding countries.
What- Barbarians were invading the Roman Empire.
Where-Western Roman Empire and was between the Romans and the western Germanic and eastern Germanic tribes.
Why- To gain control of land.
- Started about in 200 CE.
- Germanic tribe from northern Germany.
- Very successful people.
- Became one of the most powerful Germanic people.
- Others feared them.
- Fought against the Franks, used to be allies.
- Romans knew them as pirates.
- Attacked along the east coast of Britain.
- In 410 they had a major attack on Britain, Roman emperor could do little about.
- Was allies with Angles, Jutes, Franks, and others.
"Charlemagne." ABC-Clio. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Dec. 2014. <http%3A%2F%2Fancienthistory.abc-clio.com%2FSearch%2FDisplay%2F593544%3Fterms%3DCharlemagne%2B>.
Sullivan, Richard E. "Charlemagne (Holy Roman Emperor [747?-814])." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 17 Dec. 2014. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/106546/Charlemagne>.
"The Reign of Charlemagne Video." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 18 Dec. 2014. <http://www.history.com/topics/middle-ages/videos/the-reign-of-charlemagne?m=528e394da93ae&s=undefined&f=1&free=false>.
"Barbarians." Barbarians. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Dec. 2014. <http%3A%2F%2Fancienthistory.abc-clio.com%2FSearch%2FDisplay%2F592327%3Fterms%3DSaxon%2Bwar>.
"Feudalism." Infoplease. Infoplease, n.d. Web. 18 Dec. 2014. <http://www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/history/feudalism-history-feudalism-europe.html#ixzz3MDkBM97p>
-Feudalism first forms in Frankish lands in 9th and 10th centuries.
-Went France to Spain, Italy, and later Germany and Eastern Europe.
-Adopted by many Scandinavian countries.
-Feudalism was imposed by William the conqueror.
-Extended eastward into Slavic lands.
-Part of the holy Roman Church.