Mark Twain

Samuel Langhorne Clemens

Personal Information

Born: November 30, 1835

Address: 351 Farmington Avenue, Hartford, CT, United States

Writer for The New Yorker

A humorous, quirky and insightful writer of social commentary and satire with a history of writing for various newspapers seeking a position in writing opinionated articles on controversial subjects that are available to a large demographic of people.

Profesional Experience

Journeyman Printer 1862- 1880's

  • published comedic missives and conventional pieces for the Territorial Enterprise in Virginia City, Nevada, sometimes under the "Mark Twain" pseudonym from 1862 to 1864

  • served as an official correspondent for the Morning Call in 1864 and the Daily Morning from 1866 to 1869 in San Francisco, California under the "Mark Twain" pseudonym

  • reported on new excursion service to Hawaii for the Sacramento Union in Sacramento, California under the "Mark Twain" pseudonym in 1866
  • served as an official correspondent for the Alta California under the "Mark Twain" pseudonym and travelled aboard the Quaker City pleasure boat bound for Europe and the Middle East to compile correspondence for The Innocents Abroad in 1866
  • worked as an editor for the Buffalo Express under the "Mark Twain" pseudonym from 1869 to 1871
  • owned and published for the Charles L. Webster & Co. in the early 1880's

Mississippi River 1857-1860

  • apprenticed to riverboat pilot Horace Bixby of the Paul Jones

  • worked as a riverboat pilot, travelling up and down the Mississippi River
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Hannibal, Missouri 1847-1857

  • apprenticed to local printers and worked as a typesetter

  • associated with the Hannibal Journal, contributing occasional squibs to the newspaper

  • worked closely with Orion Clemens who owned various newspapers


  • worked as a secretary and government worker in Nevada from 1860 to 1862
  • speculated in timber and silver mining in 1862
  • lectured in numerous tours throughout Europe in which listeners were entertained with humorous anecdotes and observations
  • wrote numerous novels throughout the late 1800's and early 1900's

Educational Background

  • attended formal schooling until the age of twelve

Military Service

  • served as a soldier in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War and achieved second lieutenant

Awards and Honors

  • awarded an honorary Master of Arts degree in 1888 and a Doctor of Letters degree in 1901 from Yale University

  • achieved a Doctor of Laws degree from the University of Missouri in 1902

  • named to the American Academy of Arts and Letters in 1904
  • awarded an honorary Doctor of Letters degree from Oxford University in 1907

Notable Accompilishments

  • published many critically-acclaimed literary works from short stories to novels to newspaper articles


Horace Bixby

The apprenticeship to Bixby marked the end of idle wandering as I became completely captivated by the lifestyle, putting forth all my efforts into the job. Having closely for two years, Bixby is aware of my work ethic and knows what I am capable of.

Charles Dudley Warner

Warner and I collaborated to write The Gilded Age; a satire on financial speculation and political chicanery. He is well aware of my writing style and work ethic.

Ernest Hemingway

Hemingway wrote, in Green Hills of Africa, "All modern American literature comes from one book by Mark Twain called Huckleberry's the best book we've had. All American writing comes from that. There was nothing before. There has been nothing as good since."