Ethanol Fuel

By: Elaine Comerford

Pros of Ethanol Fuel

  1. Reduces greenhouse gases emissions by 18-29% per vehicle mile traveled compared to petroleum-based fuels.
  2. Made completely of biodegradable materials.
  3. 74% of ethanol is broken down within 5 days.
  4. Ethanol production creates jobs in rural areas.
  5. The carbon dioxide released when ethanol is burned is balanced by the carbon dioxide released by plants.
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Cons of Ethanol Fuel

  1. 2.4 to 2.8 gallons of ethanol can be produced per bushel of corn. Many people argue about the use of corn as food and not fuel.
  2. Every 1.35-1.40 gallons of ethanol fuel is equal to 1 gallon of gasoline.
  3. It is difficult to transport through the pipes in the Midwest and the U.S. because it absorbs water and is corrosive.
  4. Exhaust of CO2 which contaminates the air.
  5. If the corn crops have a bad year then ethanol prices will rise.
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