The African Penguin

Producers, Consumers, and Decomposers

Producers: Seaweed

Consumers: The African Penguin

Decomposer: Bacteria, Slugs, and Starfish

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Food, Water, and Shelter

Food- Fish (anchovies, pilchards, sardines, mackerel and herrings) but they also eat squid and shellfish

Water- Salt water

Shelter- Land or the ocean

African Penguins Stroll Along Boulder Beach

Biotic Organisms

  • Animals
  • Plants
  • Bacteria
  • Humans

Abiotic Organisms

  • Sand
  • Rocks
  • Weather
  • Water

Predators and Prey

Prey- African Penguins, their chicks, their eggs, fish, and seaweed

Predators- Africans Penguins, fur seals, leopard seals, sea lions, sharks, killer whales, foxes, snakes, lizards, and dogs

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Parasitic, Mutualistic, and Commensalism

Parasitic- Nudibranchs and Coral

Mutualistic- Clownfish and Anemone

Commensalism- Remora fish and sharks

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