Pathophysiology

Diseases of the Body Systems

What is Pathophysiology?

Pathophysiology is the branch of medical science that treats the essential nature of disease, especially the changes of structure and function in tissues and organs of the body that cause or are caused by disease.

Why is Pathophysiology Studied?

In the clinical setting, pathologists, histotechnologists, and cytotechnologists study tissues and cells to establish the cause of diseases. Physicians use that information to form a treatment plan.
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Original Overview of the Body Systems:

Skeletal System


-Rheumatologist

-Undergraduate degree, medical school, internship, residency training, and fellowship training

- UT Austin, UT Austin, Baylor

-Evaluates joint disorders, result of advanced laboratory and radiological examinations, and the mental well-being of the patient

-Bedside Manner, Motivation, Sociability

-Bedside Manner is the most important skill because this is an intangible skill and is something that cannot be taught. Patients will appreciate you more, respond better, and be more inclined to increase in their treatment.

-$125,000 - $180,000

-Radiologist, Pediatrics, Physicians: Yes, these are growing careers and are expected to continue growing with the US.

-This is not exactly a career I personally would pursue only because I am somewhat of an impatient person, and I would only be working around older patients (most likely) and not that I do not love adults and older people in the communities, but a younger more vibrant and exciting field is something I would prefer to pursue.




Arthritis

-A group of diseases involving inflammation of the joint


Bursitis

-Symtoms of this disease include severe pain, limited movement, fluid accumulation at the joint


Greenstick

-The bone is bent or split causing an incomplete break, common in children


http://quizlet.com/18509059/disorders-of-the-skeletal-system-flash-cards/




Nervous System

-Neurologist

-Residence training for four years, certification is any subspecialties requires an extra three years.

- UT Austin, UT Arlington, Baylor

-Specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of all types of disease or impaired function of the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves, muscles, and autonomic nervous system, as well as the blood vessels that relate to these structures.

-Multi-Tasking, flexible, and patient.

-I think being flexible is the most important skill because this job is in no way an easy routine day-to-day job. Each day is new and there will be many things thrown at you (multi-tasking) but being able to make last minute plans and being able to adjust for your patients is critical.

-$203,200-$298,503

-Psychophysicist, Psychiatric, Neuropathologist: These are somewhat increasing jobs. They are not the most sought out career, but there is a demand for these particular careers, and that demand is being met, but not as vastly as others.

-I think a job like this would be a lot of fun because there is always surprises and it will always keep you on your feet. From reviews I read, this is a very entertaining, fulfilling and enjoyable career.




Alzheimer's

-A progressive degenerative disease of the brain of unknown etiology, with atrophy of the cerebral cortex including plaques and tangles of neuron particles. It is manifested by memory loss, personality changes and eventually dementia. It occurs twice as often in women as in men.


Arnold-Chiari Malformation

-A progressive degenerative disease of the brain of unknown etiology, with atrophy of the cerebral cortex including plaques and tangles of neuron particles. It is manifested by memory loss, personality changes and eventually dementia. It occurs twice as often in women as in men.


Arteriovenous Malformation

-This is a congenital deformity of tangled, dilated blood vessels where arterial contents flow directly into veins. This produces a consistently enlarging vasculature, which causes neurologic abnormalities by compressing neural tissue, the spinal cord, or interrupting blood supply to the brain.


http://www.flashcardexchange.com/cards/diseases-nervous-system-pathophysiology-cs-1262578

Cardiovascular System

-Cardiologist

Train as an internist, 4 years medical school, three years residency training, 2-3 year cardiologist fellowship.

-UT Austin, Baylor, UT Arlington

-Specialize in heart conditions and other cardiopulmonary problems.

-Thorough understanding of treatments, responsibility, planning.

-I think planning is the most important because as a cardiologist, one must be able to create comprehensive treatment plans for cardiovascular patients.

-$292,200-$398,450

-Electrophysiologist, Vascular Technician, Heart Transplant Surgeon: These jobs are in demand right now. There is not as many of these careers being fulfilled as others who have a surplus.

-I would not like to have this job just because there is so much on the line and at risk. Although I would love working with patients, if I were to lose one due to heart issues and failures, I would not handle it well.



CAD: coronary heart disease

-A heart disease due to an abnormality of the arteries that supply blood and oxygen to the heart.


Coronary artery disease

-Atherosclerosis: a stage of arteriosclerosis involving fatty deposits (atheromas) inside the arterial walls, thus narrowing the arteries.


Myocardial Infarction (MI)

-Commonly known as a heart attack: results from the interruption of blood supply to a part of the heart, causing heart cells to die.


http://jsgreen.tamu.edu/439%202%20Atheroslcerosis.pdf

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