Olivia McCallum

Nutrition During Pregnancy and Lactation

Diets during pregnancy affect both the mother and the fetus. The mother nourishes the fetus through her body, thats why keeping a good diet and getting the correct nutrition is important. The food the mother eats must supply the nutrient needs for the fetus. Nutrients for the fetus may be taken away from the mother's tissues and the mother could suffer deficiencies. A mother who is not well nourished before coming pregnant may have borderline deficiencies that may become apparent.

Balanced Meals to Eat During Pregnancy:

Special Needs During Pregnancy

During the first trimester of pregnancy, a key nutritional need is to folate. Folate helps prevent neutral tube damage to the fetus. This is damage is to the brain or spinal cord. This damage can occur in the early weeks of pregnancy. By the beginning of the second trimester, the needs increase. The mother needs more protein. Most women get more than enough protein. The fetus needs calcium for well-formed bones and strong teeth. Iron needs are especially large during the last six months of pregnancy to help the baby build up iron reserves.

Diet During Pregnancy

A pregnant woman should get enough nutrients by following a nutritious diet consisting of a variety of foods. She should revolve the diet around the Food Guide Pyramid. Adding two servings from the grains group, one serving of fruit, and one serving of vegetables should provide one of the many nutrients needed. She should limit fats, oils, and sweets. She should also eat fish regularly because they provide a fatty acid that supports the baby's brain development.


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