Lord of the Flies
By Nick Sherman
Types of Government and Relation to Story
A Republic is a form of democracy in which people are elected to make decisions for everyone. These people are usually chosen based on a majority vote, thus pleasing many of the area's inhabitants. This is seen in many Western Countries that include much of Europe and the United States.
A monarchy is a form of Government in which a royal family is in power. This family makes most, if not all the decisions for the country. They will stay in power until they are overthrown by a stronger family. This type of Government is not seen as much in the modern era.
A dictatorship is a form of Government in which one person forcefully rules over the other people. This person typically makes all of the decisions for the nation without the influence of others. This is another popular form of Government in the modern era, even though many people do not want to be associated with one. (Types)
Jack's tribe represents a dictatorship. He acts as if he is in control of everyone and does not care about their opinions. This is reflected in Jack's actions in the quote "Before the party had started, a great log had been dragged into the center of the lawn and Jack, painted and garlanded, sat there like an idol." (Ch 9 Pg. 148-149) Jack believes that no one should question his authority as leader.
On the other hand, Ralph's leadership is represented in a cross between democracy and monarchy. Ralph wants everyone to have a "say" in what happens with the group (Democracy), but he wants to be the unquestioned leader, king, of the group (Monarchy). Ralph calls the boys to an assembly to decide what step they might take next on the island and uses the conch to organize the meeting. He then gets flustered when the hunters question him by saying "You hunters! You can laugh! But I tell you the smoke is more important than the pig, however often you kill one." (Ch 5 Pg. 81) This meeting allows for Ralph to show why he runs a Democracy (letting everyone have a say), but also why he runs a Monarchy (the yelling at the hunters for not assisting with the fire). (Golding)
My Island Government
The Constitution for survival:
1. Five members of the group will be selected to run the camp by the people of the camp.
2. One out of the five leaders will be selected by the leaders to be the head of operations.
3. The remaining four leaders will vote on important issues and report the results to the head of operations.
4. If there is a split vote, the head of operations will ultimately decide which plan to pursue.
5. The people of the camp must follow the final decision that is made by the leaders without argument.
6. If the people feel a leader is performing poorly, they can ask for the leader to be evicted from their spot and vote for a new one.
7. To evict a leader, three of the four remaining leaders must also agree that the fifth is performing poorly.
8. Members of society found violating the rules are subject to punishment deemed necessary by the four leaders.
9. The head of operations can find a punishment too severe, but must punish the violator in a different manner.
10. There will be a new election if the population votes the majority of the leaders to be unfit for their position.
The rules would be enforced by the leaders and assigned members of the community to act as the police force of the island.
The Sudan Civil War
This is paralleled in the story when Jack is planning to torture Wilfred. Jack's followers are extremely confused on why he plans to torture the boy because he has done nothing to harm Jack. They reflect this in the quote "He's going to beat Wilfred. What for? Robert shook his head doubtfully. I don't know." (Ch 10 Pg. 159) (Golding)
The Ukraine Conflict
Golding, William. Lord of the Flies. New York: Coward-McCann, 1962. Print.
McLaughlin, Lauren. "The Conflict in Ukraine: A Historical Perspective." The Russia-Ukraine Conflict: A Harvard Scholar Explains. Harvard Summer School, 2014. Web. 30 Apr. 2015.
Suliman, Mohamed. "Civil War in Sudan: The Impact of Ecological Degradation." (M.Suliman). University of Pennsylvania - African Studies Center, n.d. Web. 30 Apr. 2015.
"Types of Government." Types of Government. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Apr. 2015.