Lidia Gebre & Bea Cruz
What is it?
- Swelling and irritation of the thin saclike membrane surrounding the heart (pericardium).
Who is most likely to get it?
- 20-50 year old men.
What are the symptoms?
- Sharp, piercing chest pain over the center or left side of the chest
- Shortness of breath when reclining
- Heart palpitations
- An overall sense of weakness, fatigue or feeling sick
How is it diagnosed?
- Physical exam
- Chest x-ray
- ECG or EKG
- Cardiac MRI & CT scan
- Blood test
- Cardiac catheterization
- Medication for inflammation & pain, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs including ibuprofen.
- Depending on the cause of pericarditis, the doctor may prescribe an antibiotic for bacterial pericarditis or an antifungal medication for fungal pericarditis.
- If the symptoms last longer than 2 weeks, the doctor may prescribe anti-inflammatory drug called colchicine in combination with the ibuprofen.
- It can range from mild illness that gets better on its own to a life threatening disease.
- Fluid build up can complicate disorder
- Outcome is good if treated right away
- 2 weeks to 3 months recovery
- Scarring/ thickening of the pericardium when problem is severe.
- It can cause long-term problems similar to those of heart failure.