By Jane Yolen
Chelmno really did exist. It was not an ordinary camp. People who were sent there never came out. There were only three survivors. 300,000 died there. It was 50 miles north of Lodz, Poland. There really was a castle there (which was Gemma's castle in Briar Rose). At the camp they would cram 50-70 people in the back of a van and haul them to the forest where they would dump them out. The exhaust pipe was stuck into the inside of the van, so the people would suffocate and die. They were called gas vans. The camp started December 7th, 1941 and finally stopped January 17th, 1945.
MLA Works Cited
"The Holocaust." Holocaust History. N.p., n.d. Web. 8 Jan. 2014. <http://www.yadvashem.org/yv/en/holocaust/about/05/death_camps.asp>.