What was the Haitian Revolution?

Haitian Revolution

What was the Haitian Revolution?

There are two causes of the Haitian Revolution: Inspired by Enlightenment ideas. American Revolution, and the French Revolution. The second cause is: France was distracted Napoleonic Wars.

What was Haiti before the Revolution?

1. Haiti was a French Colony.

2. Known as Santos Domingo.

3. Haiti held a large slave population.

People of the Haitian Revolution: Toussaint L’Ouverture

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Events of the French Revolution

  • 1791- 100,000 slaves, led by Toussaint L’Ouverture revolt

  • In 1794, the National Convention (in France) ended slavery in French colonies.

  • In 1799, Napoleon took over France and tried to bring back slavery.

  • 1801- L’Ouverture gained control of the island

    • Freed the remaining slaves

  • 1802- France finally sends troops to Haiti.

    • Crisis in France caused them to not be able to respond quickly.

  • 1802- L’Ouverture is captured and sent to France

  • 1803- L’Ouverture died in a French prison

  • 1803- France cannot stop the rebellion

Outcomes of Haitian Revolution

  • 1804- becomes independent

** Only successful slave revolt in history**

Haitian Revolution Vocabulary

1. Haiti-officially the Republic of Haiti, is a Caribbean country. It occupies the western, smaller portion of the island of Hispaniola, in the Greater Antillean archipelago, which it shares with the Dominican Republic.

2. France- a republic in western Europe; the largest country wholly in Europe

3. Toussaint L’Ouverture- leader of the Haitian Revolution.

4.Slavery- is a system under which people are treated as property to be bought and sold, and are forced to work.