Summer Safety

By: Kaya Rajparia and Asha Toosidas

Topic explanation

During the summer there are many dangers from the sun, such as sunburn, which can lead to skin cancer. Also dehydration which can lead to heat exhaustion and heat stroke. You will need this information when you are outside on a hot day.

Statistics about summer safety

One out of 87 will get malignant melanoma , the most serious type of skin cancer, from sunburn and 7,300 of them will die of this cancer each year.

Half of U.S. adults under 30 say they have had a sunburn at least once in the past year

In 2010, 960 people in hospitals in England and Wales dies from dehydration.

Ways to Prevent Accidents/Injury/Illness

Avoid sun exposure between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. The sun's rays are strongest during these hours, so try to schedule outdoor activities for other times

Cover up. Wear tightly woven clothing that covers you, including your arms and legs.

Use sunscreen frequently and generously. No matter what your skin type is, use a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of 15 or greater. Apply sunscreen generously, and reapply it every two hours — or more often if you're swimming or perspiring.

Wear sunglasses when outdoors. You offer your eyes the best protection outdoors by choosing the highest UV protection-rated sunglasses.

Stay cool with cool showers or baths

Don’t wait too long to drink water

Consequences that can occur if a person does not follow the prevention steps

Sunburn can cause pain, swelling, dehydration, itching, blisters. You might get skin cancer which can be fatal.

Heat stroke and heat exhaustion can lead to fatal results.

Dehydration is fatal. Symptoms are thirst, dry throat, feeling lightheaded, swollen tongue, weakness, sluggishness, inability to sweat.

Emergency care/treatment/rescue skills

Move the person into a cool place, out of direct sunlight.Cool the person's entire body by sponging or spraying cold water, and fan the person to help lower the person's body temperature.Check the person's rectal temperature and try to reduce it to 102°F (39°C) or lower as soon as possible. Do not give aspirin or acetaminophen to reduce a high body temperature that can occur with heatstroke. If the person is awake and alert enough to swallow, give the person fluids [32 fl oz (1 L) to 64 fl oz (2 L) over 1 to 2 hours] for hydration..


Increased or constant vomiting for more than a day

Fever over 101°F

Diarrhea for more than 2 days

Decreased urine production



What to do

Sipping small amounts of water

Drinking carbohydrate/electrolyte-containing drinks. Good choices are sports drinks such as Gatorade or prepared replacement solutions (Pedialyte is one example)

Sucking on popsicles made from juices and sports drinks

Sucking on ice chips

Sipping through a straw (works well for someone who has had jaw surgery or mouth sores)


  • fever,

  • nausea,

  • chills,

  • dizziness,

  • rapid pulse,

  • rapid breathing,

  • dehydration,

  • shock with loss of consciousness, and/or

  • severe blisters or soreness.

Severe cases of sunburn require emergency medical treatment.