What history is written in the walls of Rwanda

Background Information

Rwanda has 3 main ethnic groups, consisting of: The Hutus, the Tutis, and the Twa/Pygmies. Archeologists have proven that Rwanda´s people date back to about 2,000 years ago from being hunters and gatherers. Rwanda was overtaken by Germany in 1895 and then by Belgium in 1923. The Belgium´s created an uneven distribution of power based on your ethnicity. Rwanda was finally able to gain their independence in the year of 1962, but strong ethnic tensions still remained and over 30 years they kept escalating.

Presidential Rule

The President of Rwanda died in 1994 in a plane crash. The political leaders started a large campaign of genocide against all Tutis people. There were 100 days of killings before the Tutsi-led Rwandan Patriotic Front captured the capital, and declared for the genocide to cease-fire. Over the 100 days, 800,00 Tutsis were brutally murdered causing 95,000 children to be orphaned and 3 million refugees to escape to neighboring countries. A couple years after the genocide, Rwandans came together to rebuild the city, including homes, schools, hospitals, and lives.