March,1876- October,1958

About Pope Pius XII

-reigned as Pope on 2 March 1939.

-Pius XII lobbied world leaders to avoid war.

-He believed National Socialism was profoundly anti-Christian and a danger to Catholicism

During WWII

-Spoke out against race-based murders and other atrocities.

-He was consistently besieged with pleas for help on behalf of the Jews.

-Spoke generally against extermination camps.

-He saved at least 700,000 jewish lives.

-He appealed to several Latin American governments to accept emergency passports.

After WWII

- After the war Pius XII advocated peace and reconciliation, including lenient policies towards Axis.

- He focused on material aid to war-torn Europe, an internal internationalization of the Roman Catholic Church.