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Ancient Rome Travel Brochure


The Colosseum was a great source of entertainment for the people of ancient Rome. The amphitheater could hold up to 55,000 people at one time. It was built by Emperor Vespasian in 80 AD. At the Colosseum was where the gladiator games and animal fights took place.

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Arch of Septimius Severus

This arch is located at the northwest end of the Roman Forum. It is made out of white marble and it was made to celebrate the Parthian victories of Emperor Septimius Severus. It was constructed in AD 203.

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Palatine Hill

The Palatine Hill is the center most of the Seven Hills of Rome. It is considered to be where Rome was born. It is one of the most ancient parts of the city. This would be a very fun place to visit because of it's history and connection with Ancient Rome.

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The Circus Maximus

The Circus Maximus is a stadium in Rome that hosted chariot races and other entertaining events. It is located in the valley between the Aventine and Palatine hills. This stadium could hold up to 250,000 people at one time to watch the chariot races.

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The Mediterranean Sea

The Mediterranean is a sea that is connected to the Atlantic Ocean. This sea is almost completely enclosed with land. The average depth of the sea is about 4,900 feet, with the deepest point being 17,280 feet. At first, when Augustus founded the Roman Empire the Romans called it the Mare Nostrum.

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The Roman Forum

The Roman Forum is very important to Ancient Rome's history. It has served as focus and center of political, religious, and civil life. The Roman Forum was the active heart of the Republic and Empire for over a thousand years.

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Theatre of Pompey

The Theatre of Pompey was dedicated in 55 BC, and took 7 years to build, during the later part of the Republic era. It was one of the first permanent theatres in Rome. Inside the large columns was a garden complex and fountains and statues.

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The catacombs of Rome are ancient underground burial places under Rome. There are at least 40 of these catacombs underneath Rome. These catacombs began in the 2nd century AD.

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Italian Peninsula

Rome is located on the Italian Peninsula. A peninsula is a land surrounded on three sides by water. Romes location on the peninsula helped it's development because Roman ships could sail to other lands surrounding the Mediterranean which helped in conquering new territories and trade.

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Horti Lamiani

The Lamian Gardens were a set of gardens located on the top of Esquiline Hill. They were based on the gardens of the consul Aelius Lamia who was a friend of Tiberius. The building the gardens were in had colored marble as a cool architectural element.

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Reflection Questions

1. I learned that Rome used a lot of arches and concrete in their architecture, and what they used all of the monuments above for.

2. I learned that the geography of Rome was very hilly, they even named 7 hills. They also lived by the Mediterranean on the Italian Peninsula which helped them to conquer and trade.

3. One connection I can make between ancient Rome and modern American Society is spectating sports. Americans like to watch sports just like the Romans liked to go to the Colosseum and Circus Maximus to watch different sports or games.