fruedian perspective guidelines
2)Denial involves blocking external events from awareness. If some situation is just too much to handle, the person just refuses to experience it.
Regression-This is a movement back in psychological time when one is faced with stress. When we are troubled or frightened, our behaviors often become more childish or primitive.
Rationalization-is the cognitive distortion of "the facts" to make an event or an impulse less threatening.
Sublimation-This is similar to displacement, but takes place when we manage to displace our emotions into a constructive rather than destructive activity
Displacement- is the redirection of an impulse (usually aggression) onto a powerless substitute target.
Repression-This was the first defense mechanism that Freud discovered, and arguably the most important.
3)Oral Stage (Birth to 18 months). During the oral stage, the child if focused on oral pleasures (sucking).
Anal Stage (18 months to three years). The child’s focus of pleasure in this stage is on eliminating and retaining feces
Phallic Stage (ages three to six). The pleasure zone switches to the genitals.
4) Id- is the primitive and instinctive component of personality
Ego- develops in order to mediate between the unrealistic id and the external real world. It is the decision making component of personality.
Superego- incorporates the values and morals of society which are learned from one's parents and others.