News on Alcohol
What is Alcohol ?
Alcohol is made from fermenting grains, fruits and vegetables. Fermentation is a process that changes sugar to alcohol. Alcohol is a depressant drug, which slows the central nervous system.
Who Can Have Alcohol ?
You must be 21 to buy and consume alcohol. It is illegal for anyone under the age of 21 to buy, consume, or have alcohol in their possession. If caught violating these laws, you may face jail time or pay a fine.
Blood Alcohol Concentration
BAC stands for blood alcohol concentration, the percent of alcohol in your blood. The legal limit for someone 21 or over is .08%. At this BAC level, Impairment is present in everyone. Balance may be off and words may be slurred. With a BAC between .1-.12 there is Significant impairment to motor coordination and loss of good judgment. At .15 BAC you are 380 times more likely to be in a fatal crash than you are when you're sober. With a BAC of .16-.19 most drinkers begin to feel incapacitated and may pass out. At .2 BAC you would feel very confused and dizzy and require help to stand and walk. Vomitting can occur. When BAC reaches .25 all mental, physical and sensory functions are severely impaired. High risk of asphyxiation from choking on vomit. A BAC of .3-.4 is life threatening, you can be unconscious or in a coma. Death may occur.
How is Alcohol Eliminated from the Body ?
The liver breaks down alcohol in the body at a rate of 1/2 ounce an hour. Alcohol is also expelled through urine, breath, and sweat. It takes longer to sober up than it does to get intoxicated.