By :Blayz Hood
The landmarks include tombs, caves, buildings and other man-made things. One of the major landmarks is the ancient city of Baraqish which was built before 450 BC, which means before Christ. Al Hajjaiah is a medieval village in Yemen. The Ghumdan Palace is another famous landmark. It was build in the 3rd century AD.
The bodies of water surrounding Yemen are the Gulf of Aden, the Arabian Sea, the Indian Ocean and the Red Sea.Yemen's people are being affected by water scarcity, soil erosion, desertification and water pollution.
The president is usually elected from popular vote for a seven-year term. The country has been going through a civil war. The two leaders fighting for power were Abd- Rabbuh Mansur Hadi and Mohammed Ali al-Houthi. President Hadi resigned and now al-Houthi has taken over.Yemen citizens are equal in rights and duties. Education and healthcare are rights of Yemen citizens. They pay taxes and participate in elections.
The life expectancy in Yemen is 64.3 yrs. The literacy rate for adults is 65.3%. The birth rate is 31.02%. Because of the oil crisis and other economical problems, water tanks are now the main source of drinking water. The country is in a water crisis.
Traditional Yemeni clothing is mostly long dresses. Men wear a thobe, which is a long, usually white garment and often a western-style coat. They also wear a shawl wrapped around their heads. More modern clothing includes nice shirts and pants. Women's traditional clothing is long dresses made with colorful designs and shawls to cover their face and head. Their modern clothing is very similar depending on their religion.
The main language of Yemen is Arabic. The main religion is Muslim. Muslims believe that there is no god but Allah. They pray five times a day facing Mecca. The book they follow is the Koran.The most popular dish in Yemen is a dish which includes rice, potatoes, eggs and vegetables. The main part of the dish is either lamb or chicken and is served with traditional Yemini flatbread.
The Republic of Yemen was established on May 22, 1990, when pro-Western Yemen and the Marxist Yemen Arab Republic merged after 300 years of separation to form the new nation. The poverty and decline in Soviet economic support in the south was an important incentive for the merger. The new president, Ali Abdul Sahel, was elected by the parliaments of both countries.The southern port of Aden, strategically located at the opening of the Red Sea, was colonized by Britain in 1839, and by 1937, with an expansion of its territory, it was known as the Aden Protectorate. In the 1960s the Nationalist Liberation Front (NLF) fought against British rule, which led to the establishment of the People's Republic of Southern Yemen on Nov. 30, 1967. In 1979, under strong Soviet influence, the country became the only Marxist state in the Arab world.