Chapter 4

The Light of the World: Redemption Revealed


  • In Scripture, holiness and sin are often compared to light and darkness.
  • The Rosary is a popular devotion in the Church, which consists of repeated prayers.
  • When the Rosary is prayed, certain "Mysteries" are focused upon.
  • These include the Joyful Mysteries, the Sorrowful Mysteries, the Glorious Mysteries, and the Luminous Mysteries.
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The Baptism of Christ

  • Jesus began His public ministry when He was around thirty years of age.
  • He began His ministry by humbling Himself and being baptized by His cousin, John the Baptist, in the River Jordan.
  • By being baptized, Jesus accepted His mission and anticipated His own Death and Resurrection.
  • This is often referred to as Christ's "kenosis" or "self-emptying".
  • Christ's baptism is also seen as a full manifestation of the Blessed Trinity. God the Father's voice is heard as Christ exits the River Jordan, and the Holy Spirit is seen in the form of a dove.

Temptation in the Wilderness

  • After His baptism, Jesus went out into the wilderness where He prayed and fasted for forty days.
  • In Scripture, the number forty is seen to symbolize a period of trial and preparation.
  • During this time in the desert, Satan tried unsuccessfully to tempt Jesus three times.
  • Satan's inability to succeed shows Jesus' complete obedience and devotion to His Father.

Three Levels of Temptation

1. Satan suggested that Christ turn a stone into bread to prove that He was the Son of God and to satisfy His hunger.

2. Satan told Christ to jump from the top of the Temple in Jerusalem so that angels would catch Him and prove that He was the Son of God.

3. Satan showed Jesus all of the glory and wealth of the world and offered Him all of it if He would worship him.

The Miracle at Cana

  • Not long after Jesus had called His disciples and begun His public ministry, they were invited to a wedding in the town of Cana.
  • Partway through the wedding, their hosts ran out of wine. Mary approached Jesus and told Him of the problem and asked that He remedy it.
  • She then turned to two servants and directed them to "Do whatever he tells you."
  • This illustrates how Mary always points people towards her son and gives our intercessions to Him.

The Proclamation of the Kingdom

  • An essential element of our redemption is Jesus' establishment of the Kingdom of God on earth.
  • Jesus told Pontius Pilate that His Kingdom "is not of this world."
  • He also preached that "the Kingdom of God is at hand." This means that although the Kingdom has been established among us through the Church, it won't be complete until the end of time.

The Kingdom of God Announced Through...

His Works

  • Jesus' miracles are signs of the manifestation of the Kingdom of God through Him.
  • "The works that I do in my Father's name, they bear witness to me." (Jn. 10:25)
  • Even when He sent His disciples to preach and perform miracles through Him, Jesus instructed them to do so and proclaim the Kingdom of God.

His Parables

  • Christ also announced the Kingdom of God through parables.
  • The parables made it easier for people to understand what Jesus taught.
  • The Parable of the Lost Sheep and the Parable of the Prodigal Son both illustrate Christ's mission of redemption.
  • Both parables state that Jesus wants to gather everyone into His Kingdom, even the "lost sheep" and sinners.
  • Both parables also illustrate a call to repentance and future righteousness.

The "Light" of the Transfiguration

The Transfguration represented the unfolding of God's plan of redemption in four ways:

  1. Christ's divinity was revealed.
  2. The law and the prophets were fulfilled through the appearance of Moses and Elijah.
  3. Jesus prepared for His Passion and Death when He spoke to Moses and Elijah about it.
  4. The Apostles were given a foretaste of Christ's glory.

The "New" Passover and the Institution of the Eucharist

  • During His celebration of the Last Supper with His Apostles during Passover, Jesus instituted the Eucharist.
  • As Jesus is truly present in the Eucharist and is considered the manifestation of the Kingdom of God, the Kingdom of God is considered present through the Eucharist.

Memorial and Anticipation

  • The celebration of the Eucharist during Mass is a memorial of Christ's Passion, Death, Resurrection, and Ascension.
  • The Eucharist enables us to share in the Paschal Mystery through the Mass.
  • The Eucharist is also celebrated in anticipation of the "heavenly banquet" that awaits us in Heaven.

On my honor, I have been academically honest.

~Caroline Coady~