Italy

European Countries project

Description:

Italiana (Italian Republic), is called 'Bel Paese' which means beautiful country and is one of the most visited countries in the world and more than 98% can read and write. In the North, the mountain range of the Alps separates Italy from the other European countries France, Switzerland, Austria and Slovenia. In the South of Italy you will find Italy’s three active volcanoes: Vesuvius near Naples, Etna on Sicily and Stromboli off the Coast of Italy. Italy is subdivided in 20 regions, like Tuscany, Veneto and Lazio.

Italy also surrounds two of the world’s smallest countries. These are San Marino in Northern Italy, the oldest republic in the world and Vatican City in Rome, the smallest country in the world. Vatican City is led by the Pope and is the headquarters of the Roman Catholic Church, led by the Pope.




Government Type:

Democracy, Republic



Population:

61.3 million people live in Italy



Religion:

Mainly Christians (Roman Catholics 90%)


Currency:

1 Euro=100 cents, before 2001 Italian Lira



Language:

Italian as well as German, French and Ladin in some regions in Northern Italy.


History:

The country has a long history, as Rome its capital city today was founded in 753BC. After the Roman Empire broke down in 395AD, there were many separate kingdoms and city states. However, Italy became one nation only in 1861 and since then includes the islands of Sicily and Sardegna. It was a kingdom until 1946 after the second World War, where Italy sided with the German Nazis. Italy is founding member of the European Union and the NATO.



Cultural Foods:

Pizza: probably the most famous Italian dish, it was invented in Napoli/Naples around 1860

Calzone: just a folded up pizza

Pesto: thick green sauce with olives, herbs and olive oil, pine kernels and parmiggiano cheese. Healthy and mmmmh!

Gelato: ice-cream is an Italian invention

Lasagna: layered pasta dish with tomato, mozzarella cheese and mince meat filling.

Mozzarella: Italian cheese balls, originally made from buffalo milk



GDP:

2.013 trillion USD


Climate:

Relatively cool


Famous Brands:

Some of the most popular are: Gucci, Prada, Guess, Valentino, Miss Dior, Versage & many more


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Limited Or Unlimited:

Unlimited


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