The Reproductive System

By. Burke Period:7 Advanced Biology

Reproduction System Functions


Female Internal:

The internal organs of the female reproductive system are the pituitary and hypothalamus glands in the brain, and the vagina, the uterus and its cervix, the fallopian tubes and the ovaries. The hypothalamus and pituitary glands secrete hormones that cause eggs in the ovary to develop and the ovary to release an egg. The ovaries hold the eggs and release one during each menstrual cycle.


  • External:The external organs of the female reproductive system are the vulva, labia minora, labia majora, clitoris and breasts. The vulva is the external opening to the female reproductive tract, and includes the labia majora and the labia minora. The clitoris has erectile tissue similar to that in the penis and a high concentration of nerve endings.



  • Male internal: The internal organs of the male reproductive system are the pituitary and hypothalamus glands in the brain and the epididymis, prostate gland, seminal vesicles and vas deferens in the pelvis. The hypothalamus and pituitary glands secrete hormones that cause the testes to produce testosterone and help sperm develop.


  • External: The external organs of the male reproductive system are the penis, testes and scrotum. The testes produce sperm, which passes through the epididymis, the vas deferens, and the urethra, which is in the penis. The penis contains erectile tissue that becomes engorged with blood during sexual stimulation, allowing for intercourse with the female vagina.


Reproduction System of the Female Body

The female reproductive system consists of the ovaries, Fallopian tubes and uterus and vagina, as well as the accessory glands and external genital organs. The female reproductive system produces female hormones. It's responsible to produce and sustain the ova or eggs, transport the eggs to the Fallopian tube for fertilization with the sperm, and then transport the fertilized ova to a nurturing environment in the uterus for the fetus to develop and be delivered from the womb.

Reproduction System of the Male Body

The male reproductive system consists of internal and external structures that include the testes, duct system, scrotum and penis. These organs are responsible for production, maintenance and transportation of the sperm and seminal fluid, and for its deposit into the female reproductive tract. The testes produce and store millions of sperm cells for the fertilization of the ova. The duct system is a muscular tube along the testicles called the vas deferens that transports semen. The vas deferens is connected to the epididymis, a set of coiled tubes. The scrotum houses the testicles and epididymis, and regulates the temperature of the testicles. This enables the production of sperm cells.
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