Wound Care Guide

By: Juan Aguado

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Types of wounds

UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS

  • ALWAYS WEAR GLOVES

Step by step instructions for caring for wounds

  • First step: always wear gloves
  • Second step: All wounds should be treated as if they have been contaminated with blood borne pathogens
  • Third step: to minimize infection clean with large amounts of soap and water
  • Fourth step: apply pressure to wound to stop bleeding.
  • Fifth step: See if they need stitches in less then 12 hours
  • Sixth step: if they do see a doctor

Control external bleeding

  • Direct pressure:
  • Pressure on the wound with gauze
  • Do not remove if blood comes through- add more Gauze
  • Elevation:
  • Elevate above heart if possible- slows bleeding
  • continue pressure
  • Pressure Points:
  • Apply pressure to an artery to decrease blood to an area
  • Brachial artery (upper arm)
  • Femoral Artery (top of thigh)
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tips when stitches are necessary

  • Deep lacerations
  • may be needed if wound edges cannot be easily pushed back together
  • Decision should be made by Physician
  • sutures should be made by a physician
  • can use steri-strips if stitches are not required

Signs of Wound infection

  • Pain
  • heat
  • redness
  • swelling
  • disordered Function
  • Puss may form due to accumulation o white blood cells
  • Fever may develop