By: Francisco Jimenez
"Mi'ja did you take Pachito's pennies?" (Jimenez 107). When his little sister Rorra takes his pennies, this is a metaphor for his happiness being taken away. These metaphor's add to the big picture or the theme. The characterization in The Circuit is very direct characterization. That advances the plot by helping the reader visualize the characters very well. While in If I Stay there is a mix between direct and indirect characterization, that makes the reader imagine the character's more than being able to visualize them right away like in The Circuit.