Language Arts 6th Grade
What I learned this year: Jeanne Myers
Example: Marcus is my best friend. (Marcus is the subject)
Complete and Simple Subject
The simple subject is the main word or word group that tells whom or what the sentence is about.
Ex: A big yellow bird was on my window.
A big yellow bird is the complete subject.
bird is the simple subject.
Ex: I ran a race on Saturday. (The predicate is ran a race)
Complete Predicate and Simple Predicate
The complete predicate consists of a verb and all the words that describe the verb and its complete meaning.A simple predicate, or verb, is the main word or word group in the complete predicate.
Ex: The lady picked up the child carefully.
Complete Predicate: picked up the child carefully
Simple Predicate (verb): picked
Ex: Soccer, baseball, and volleyball are my favorite sports. (Soccer, baseball ,and volleyball is the compound subject)
Ex: My friend is always singing and dancing.
(singing and dancing is the compound verb)
Ex: I go to Sts.Peter and Paul Catholic School.
This sentence is giving a statement, or fact, not an opinion which would make it not a declarative sentence.
Ex: Go wash the dishes please.
Clean your room!
Ex: Did you make that mess?
Ex: I won the race!
Ex: Jeffery went to the museum. (Jeffery is the noun or person in the sentence)
(museum is also a noun because it is a place)
Proper Nouns and Common Nouns
Example of proper noun: William left the house. (WIlliam is the proper noun)
Example of common noun: The students had a field trip. (students is the common noun)
Ex: She had a soda. (she is the pronoun)
Ex: Did you see my suitcase anywhere?
Ex: Is that book mine or yours. (mine or yours is the possessive pronoun)
Reflexive and Intensive Pronouns
Example of reflexive: We enjoyed ourselves when we went swimming.
Example of intensive: I will be introduced by the coach himself.
Ex: Are those his shoes?
Ex: Everyone in our class was going to get ice cream.
Ex: Which car should I buy?
Ex: Robins are among the birds that migrate south.
Ex:I wore a blue skirt on Wednesday.
Ex: Northern Louisiana
Ex: I want that. (pronoun)
or: I want that kind of burger. (adjective)
Ex: The girl ran away.
Main Verbs and Helping Verbs
Ex: The girl ran the whole marathon.
In other sentences, the verb consists of the main verb and one or more helping verbs.
A helping verb helps the main verb to express action or state of being.
Ex: She will learn to ride her bike some day soon.
Ex: I cooked the stew we are all enjoying.
Ex: The new school is building a new gym.
Transitive and Intransitive Verbs
Ex: I cooked the bacon.
An intransitive verb tells something about the subject or expresses action without the action passing to a receiver, or object.
Ex: The boat left.
Ex: She quickly got out of the water.
Ex: I stood beside her.
The Prepositional Phrase
Ex: I went swimming at the pool with her.
Preposition or Adverb????
Ex: PREPOSITION: Along the wall were a bunch of pictures.
Ex: ADVERB: The pictures were above.
Ex: Do you want to go to the mall or the toy store?
Ex: Hey! I missed you!
Determining Parts of Speech.
Ex: I like all of my toys. (Verb)
I can run quickly to the other side of the field. (adverb)
Well, I'm glad we got to see each other again. (interjection)
Ex: was in the backyard (no subject)
at the gym (no subject or verb)
Ex: All of the students had fun at recess.
Ex: Large carving of wood went flying everywhere.
Ex: We walked through the water to the shore at noon.
Ex: I ran the whole race.
Ex: before we leave
Ex: a dog that is brown
Ex: Since the dog was new, it was scared and whimpered a lot.
Sentence Structure: Simple Sentences
Ex: The little girl was good at juggling.
Ex: We went to see a move, but it wasn't that good.
Ex: Before we left for our trip, we had to plan it for the week.
Ex: We watched a movie, and we ate popcorn while sitting in a pool.
Ex: I found my purse in the living room.
Objects of Verbs
Ex: I saw a horse.
I gave her my doll.
Ex: She is a very nice lady.
Ex: The winner was I.
Ex: I was very sleepy.
Ex: (SINGULAR) The soccer ball was kicked into the bushes.
Ex: (PLURAL) The soccer balls were kicked into the bushes.
Agreement of Subject and Verb
Ex: The boy plays soccer like a pro.
Problems in Agreement: Phrases Between Subject and Verb
Ex: The dog with white hair is good at tricks.
Ex: One of the students is my best friend.
Ex: Soccer and volleyball are my favorite sports.
Subject After the Verb
Ex: Sally had a lot of fun playing tag.
The contractions Don't and Doesn't
Ex: I don't have any money.
The word doesn't is the contraction of does not. use doesn't with all singular subjects except the pronouns I and you.
Ex: She doesn't have a lot of pizza left on her plate.
Agreement of Pronoun and Antecedent
Ex: The girl likes to wear her new bathing suit.
Principal Parts of Verbs
Ex: (PRESENT) The teacher has been setting up her new classroom all day.
(PAST) I jumped a lot today.
(FUTURE) I will finish my noted tonight.
Ex: Jump-jumped-is jumping
Ex: win-won-have won
Ex: (PAST) Jumped
(FUTURE) will jump
Ex: Present Progressive- am, are is wearing
The Verb Be
Ex: is being, were being.
Consistency of Tense
Ex: The little girl leapt off the table and grabbed some cookies.
Sit and Set
Ex: I am sitting on my cozy chair.
I am setting my plate on my cozy chair.
Rise and Raise
Ex: We raised our hands in the air when the team scored.
We rose out of the stands when the other team scored.
Lie and Lay
Ex: I will lie down when I get home.
I like to lay my computer softly on my desk.
The Forms of Personal Pronouns
Ex: We went to the mall. (subject.
The winner was she. (predicate nominative)
Pronoun as Subject
Ex: They left the house to go to the mall.
Pronoun as Predicate Nominative
Ex: The winner was she.
Pronoun as Direct Object
Ex: The party surprised her.
Pronoun as Indirect Object
Ex: Sara gave me a hug.
Pronoun as Object of Preposition
Ex: Above us
Who and Whom
Ex: Who is this book for?
To whom did Michael give this book to?
Pronouns with Appositives
Ex: We, students love fun activities.
What is a Modifier?
Ex: The beach was beautiful.
Ex: She ran through the race quickly.
Phrase Used as Modifiers
Ex: The car with the great polishing is on sale for $60,000.
Clauses Used as Modifiers
Ex: Before I went to soccer practice, I had to pack up my suitcase.
Comparison of Adjectives and Adverbs
Ex: good (Positive
Ex: tidy-less tidy-least tidy
Special Problems Using Modifiers
Ex: We had a good trip this year.
My friend wasn't feeling well at recess.
Ex: We always ride horses.
We never ride our horses.
Avoid using double negatives.
A double negative is the use of two or more negative words to express one negative idea.
Ex: I hardly never eat those.
(SHOULD BE) I hardly ever eat those.
Placement of Modifiers
Ex: The soccer player from Germany got kicked off the team.
Adjectives and Adverbs
Ex: Tomorrow we will go to see my aunt.
We will go see my aunt tomorrow.
Ex: In the pool, we played Marco Polo.
Ex: I gave my friends a ball that I made.