Modern Texas

By: Zach Hawkins

WW1

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Key People In or Involved in the War

1.Woodrow Wilson-Woodrow Wilson (1856-1924) was the 28th President of the United States, serving two terms from 1913-1921.Advocate of democracy and world peace

2.David Lloyd George- Prime Minister of UK from 1916 to the end of war. Played a key role in organising the British war effort. He created a war cabinet of five key people, which he hoped would prevent the mistakes of the first two years.

Countries and Sides Fought For

The Allies included Britain, France, Russia, Italy and the United States. These countries fought against the Central Powers which included Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria.
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Timeline of Events Leading Up To WW1

  • June 28, 1914 - Gavrilo Princip assassinates Franz Ferdinand.
  • July 28, 1914 - Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia.
  • August 2, 1914 - Ottoman Empire (Turkey) and Germany sign a secret treaty of alliance.
  • August 3, 1914 - Germany declares war on France.

Questions

  • What caused the U.S. to enter WWI?The United States entered the war because of the Germans' decision to resume the policy of unrestricted submarine warfare, and the so-called "Zimmerman telegram," intercepted by the British, in which Germany floated the idea of an alliance with Mexico. Germany submarines had sunk a passenger ship named Lusitania.

  • How did Texas play an important role during the war?Texans were interested in the events of World War I from the beginning of the conflict in Europe in August 1914, and with the sinking of the Lusitania in May 1915, a resolution was introduced into the Texas Senate asking that diplomatic relations between the United States and Germany be severed. Texans were further provoked by Germany's continuing attempts to stir up trouble on the Mexican border. The German motive was to involve Mexico in a war with the United States so that America would be diverted from her possible support of the Allies.

  • How did WWI end? Germany had formally surrendered on November 11, 1918, and all nations had agreed to stop fighting while the terms of peace were negotiated. On June 28, 1919, Germany and the Allied Nations (including Britain, France, Italy and Russia) signed the Treaty of Versailles, formally ending the war

The Great Depression

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Jobless and/or Homeless Men Looking for Jobs

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Dust Storm

Herbert Hoovers Involvement in The Great Depression

Hoover had worked ceaselessly trying to fix the economy. He founded government agencies, encouraged labor harmony, supported local aid for public works, fostered cooperation between government and business in order to stabilize prices, and struggled to balance the budget. His work focused on indirect relief from individual states and the private sector, as reflected in this letter’s emphasis on “supporting] each state committee more effectively” and volunteerism

Timeline of Events That Had Started The Great Depression

  • October 29, 1929- Wall Street stock market crashes.
  • 1929 later (no exact date)-Banks crash all over due to the crazy amount of people taking money out.
  • 1929 and 1930-A huge reduction in purchases in general across the board
  • 1930-As businesses began failing, the government created the Smoot Hawley- Tariff in 1930 to help protect American companies. This charged a high tax for imports from foreign countries. The unintended consequence of this tariff was that less trade occurred between America and foreign countries. In addition, some countries retaliated economically against the US.Just ended up hurting America.
  • 1930 (later)-Huge droughts come across and devastate a lot of people.

Questions

  • How did FDR, (Franklin Delano Roosevelt) pull the country out of depression?

  • The New Deal was a series of economic policies introduced by President Franklin D. Roosevelt after the Great Depression left the U.S. economy in a dismal state. The programs were implemented to provide relief to many of Americans that were stuck in a state of poverty as a result of the Great Depression. The various programs were rolled out over five years (1933-1938) and covered a range of items including labor, bank, and relief reforms. The New Deal had many opponents who felt the programs implemented built up the power held by the government and promoted capitalism. They had also created Hoovervilles which was where homeless people would stay.

  • What caused the Dust Bowl and how did it affect farmers in Texas?According to the federal Soil Conservation Service, the bowl covered 100 million acres in 1935. By 1940 the area had declined to twenty-two million acres. It disappeared in the forties. A prolonged drought, combined with unusually high temperatures and strong winds, caused the normally semiarid region to become for a while a veritable desert. During some growing seasons the soil was dry to a depth of three feet. Lack of rain plagued the northern plains states too, though less severely.

  • Which New Deal programs were important to Texas?Called "The New Deal," Roosevelt's plan replaced the laissez-faire policies of the previous administration and created a lasting legacy of jobs, restoration, and cultural progress that can still be seen in our parks, museums, public institutions, music, and art. Programs like the Civilian Conservation Corps and those spearheaded by the Works Progress Administration provided employment, services, and infrastructure throughout Texas as well as the rest of the country. While the most important results were felt by Texans at the time—getting back to work—Roosevelt's New Deal legacy survives in post office murals, state park facilities, and public works projects across the state.

  • How were tenant farmers and miners affected by the Great Depression?In the early 1930s prices dropped so low that many farmers went bankrupt and lost their farms. In some cases, the price of a bushel of corn fell to just eight or ten cents. Some farm families began burning corn rather than coal in their stoves because corn was cheaper.The stock market crash of 1929 and the Great Depression of the 1930s caused coal miners to lose their jobs when mine after mine closed.

WW2

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Soldiers Fighting in battle

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soldiers shooting off a mortar

Important People In The War

Winston Churchill- was an English statesman and author, best known as Prime Minister of United KIngdom during the Second World War. Well-known as an orator, strategist, and politician, Churchill was one of the most important leaders in modern British and world history.

Harry Truman- was the Vice President when Pearl Harbor was attacked and we became involved in World War II. He took over office as the 33rd President of the United States


in April of 1945 when President Roosevelt died. Truman was the President when the war came to an end.
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Countries and Sides Fought For

World War 2 was fought between two groups of countries. On one side were the Axis Powers, including Germany, Italy and Japan. On the other side were the Allies. They included Britain, France, Australia, Canada, New Zealand, India, the Soviet Union, China and the United States of America.

Timeline of Events Leading Up To WW2



Jan 14th, 1921

Adolf Hitler becomes leader of the Nazi Party

Jan 14th, 1922

Benito Mussolini appointed Prime Minister of Italy

Jan 1st, 1929

Joseph Stalin sole dictator of the Soviet Union

Jan 14th, 1931

Japan's Army seizes Manchuria, China

Questions

  • How did Texas contribute to the nation’s military effort in fighting World War II?Long lines of men gathered at recruiting stations to volunteer for military service. Texans enlisted or were drafted in excess of the percentage of the nation's population. Although the state had 5 percent of the United States population, it provided 7 percent of those who served in the armed forces. Texas A&M University alone provided more officers for the armed forces than both of the military academies combined.

  • How did life changed for Texans on the home front during World War II?On the home front during World War II Texans sacrificed whatever was necessary to support "our boys overseas." Rationing became a way of life-stamp books for meat, sugar, coffee, shoes, rubber, auto parts, and eventually gas became a necessity. At increasingly frequent intervals communities held scrap-iron drives; adults bought war bonds; school children had time allotted during class periods to buy, then paste, savings stamps in bond books;

  • How did WWII end?The war ended by Germany surrendering and the dropping of atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.