Short Story Terms

IDEA for Vocabulary Words

Characterization

the process of revealing the personality of a character

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Stewie from Family Guy has a distinctive characteristic like a football shaped head.

Protagonist

the main character

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In the movie The Hunger Games, Katniss Everdeen is the main character.

Antagonist

the person or thing that gets in the way of the main character

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In the movie Sleeping Beauty, maleficent is the antagonist.

Flat Character

a simple character who does not display internal conflicts

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Bruce from Finding Nemo is an example flat character. His motivations are simple, when he gets hungry he tries to eat.

Round Character

a complex character who displays internal conflicts

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Gru from Despicable Me is a perfect example of a round character because, we see many sides of him, and he shows a range of emotions

-Is an over-protective father

-Plans to steal the moon

-Falls in love

-Gets crabby and irritable at people

-Inspires loyalty from his minions

-Smart enough to come up with evil plans

-Is jealous of younger super-villains

-Tries to leave behind his life of crime

Static Character

a character who stays the same throughout a story

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The stepmom from Cinderella is evil at the beginning and end of the story.

Dynamic Character

a character who changes throughout a story

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Shrek is a dynamic character because he changes throughout the story: he becomes "softer" and lets people into his life

Internal Conflict

a struggle that takes place within a character’s mind

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The movie Inside Out is a good example of the struggles going on inside a characters head.

External Conflict

a struggle that takes place outside of a character

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An example of external conflict is when Homer strangles Bart in The Simpsons.

Diction

word choice

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Word choice is very important when trying to describe something.

Denotation

the dictionary definition of a word (non- debatable)

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In denotation "You are a dog", means you literally are a dog.

Connotation

all of the emotional associations and societal assumptions connected with a word

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In connotation "You are a dog", suggest that your are ugly or morally detestable.

First Person Point of View

the vantage point from which a story is told by one character – uses “I”

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I am biking alone up on the mountains.

Third Person Limited Point of View

a story is told by a narrator who reveals thoughts of one character


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In the movie Charlottes Web some of it is told by a limited third person.

Third Person Omniscient Point of View

the vantage point from which a story is told by an all-knowing narrator

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A king is like the Third Person Omniscient Point of View, overseeing, and knowing everything.

Situational Irony

when you expect one thing to happen and the opposite happens

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Situational irony is shown in this photo because you would not expect a car to park within 30 feet of the sign, yet one does.

Verbal Irony

when you say one thing but mean the opposite

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The photo above is a good example of verbal irony because it says one thing, but means another.

Dramatic Irony

when the reader or audience knows something a character doesn’t know

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Dramatic Irony is shown in the photo above because we know the person is about to be eaten, but the person does not know that.

Symbol

something that represents more than just itself

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The symbol above is a music symbol, called a treble clef.