Southern Colonies

North/South Carolina, Virginia, Georgia, and Maryland

Virginia

Founder/Date

Virginia was founded in 1607 by the London Company to gain wealth and convert the natives to Christianity.


Government

Virginia had a Royal Charter.


Economy

The main cash crop for Virginia was Tobacco.


Populations

Virginia had around one or two hundred people. The people that migrated to Virginia were from London.


Natives

The Chesapeake Natives inhabited this area before the English settled there. There were a few attacks on the English settlement, first by Powhatan then by the Algonquins.

North Carolina

Founder/Date

North Carolina was founded in 1653 by Virginians/ The King's lords and proprietors to initially expand Virginia.


Government

N. Carolina had a Proprietary Charter.


Economy

N. Carolina's main businesses during colonial times were the Naval Stores.


Religion

Wide range of religion practiced due to high tolerance.


Natives

There where many groups of Natives in North Carolina. The most common are the Cherokee, the Tuscarora, the Siouan, and the Roanoke.


Populations

The population was established by Englishman, but had a larger population than New England colonies.

Georgia

Founding

Georgia was founded in 1732 by James Oglethorpe as a request from the king to create a colony for debtors in prison to start a new, and to be a barrier against Spanish expansion.


Government

Georgia became a crown colony and followed crown rule in 1752.


Populations

The population was mostly debtors from England that wanted a new start.


Native Groups

Thanks to early native relationships, colonial Georgia had few problems with a dominant tribe the Creeks.


Religion

Georgia had several religions because of freedom and tolerance.


Economy

Georgia had no true cash crop until cotton.

Maryland

Founding

Maryland was founded in 1634 by Lord Baltimore who was motivated by the desire of profit and desire of a place for Roman Catholics to escape prosecution.


Government

Maryland was the first proprietary government in the new world. The established a general assembly with two houses.


Populations

The population consisted of Roman Catholics that were prosecuted in England.


Native Groups

Maryland had native groups like the Lenape, the Nanticoke, the Powhatan, the Susquehannock, and the Tutelo and Saponi tribes.


Religion

Because Maryland was a refugee for Roman Catholics, the primary religion was Roman Catholicism.


Economy

In Agriculture, the biggest cash crop was tobacco.

South Carolina

Founding

South Carolina, combined with North Carolina, was founded in 1663 by eight nobles and a royal charter. South Carolina split away from North Carolina in 1729 due to internal problems.


Government

South Carolina was a crown colony.


Populations

South Carolina had a very diverse population of nationalities and religions.


Native Groups

South Carolina had a problem with the Yamasee war, where several Native tribes attacked the colonies in an attempt to destroy them.


Religion

With religious freedom, there was a multitude of religions and practices that followed with the diverse population.


Economy

The largest cash crop of South Carolina was rice and indigo.