Grammar. By Hannah B

Adjectives, articles, adverbs, comparative/superlative form

Adjectives and articles.

An adjective is a word that describes, or modifies, a noun or pronoun. They also answer the questions what kind? which one? how many? and how much?


Ex: Therese had four dogs. (how many?) Ex: Kim wrote a science essay. (what kind?)

An article are just special adjectives. (a, an, the)


Ex: Lisa was twenty meters from the finish line. (the)

Adverbs

An adverb modifies or describes, a verb, adjective, or another adverb.

Modifying a verb: She excitingly jumped for joy. (excitingly modifying jumped)

Modifying adjectives: Her throw is extremely hard. (extremely modifying hard)

Modifying another adverb: She finished the race so smoothly. (so modifying smoothly)

Comparative and Superlative Form

Comparative Form is used to compare two things. Superlative form is used to compare three or more things. Forming these, you can add -er or -est to words with two or more syllables.

Words used with longer modifiers and adverbs ending in -ly are: more, most, less, and least.

Examples of comparative and superlative form.

Word: bad/badly. Comparative: worse. Superlative: worst.

Word: heavy. Comparative: heavier. Superlative: heaviest.

Word: good/well. Comparative: better. Superlative: best.

Word: high. Comparative: higher. Superlative: highest.