Stroke / Transient Ischemic Attacks (TIA)
What is Stroke / Transient Ischemic Attacks (TIA)?
Certain parts of the brain is affected
- Sudden numbness, tingling,weakness, or loss of movement in your face, arm, or leg, especially on only one side of your body.
- Sudden vision changes.
- Sudden trouble speaking.
- Sudden confusion or trouble understanding simple statements.
- Sudden problems with walking or balance.
Your treatment for a TIA may include taking medicines to prevent a stroke or having surgery to reopen narrow arteries .
Medicines may include aspirin,clopidogrel, dipyridamole with aspirin, or warfrian.
If your carotid arteries are significantly narrowed, you may need a procedure to widen the arteries. This may prevent another TIA or a stroke.
Pictures of stroke
Treatment for a transient ischemic attack is aimed at preventing a second stroke. Since there is no way of determining the severity of future episodes, and no guarantee that the symptoms will resolve, prevention of a future TIA or CVA is crucial.
- Carotid ultrasonography. A wand-like device (transducer) sends high-frequency sound waves into your neck. After the sound waves pass through your tissue and back, your doctor can analyze images on a screen to look for narrowing or clotting in the carotid arteries.
- Computerized tomography (CT) scanning. CT scanning of your head uses X-ray beams to assemble a composite 3-D look at your brain.
- Computerized tomography angiography (CTA) scanning.Scanning of the head may also be used to noninvasively evaluate the arteries in your neck and brain. CTA scanning uses X-rays similar to a standard CT scan of the head but may also involve injection of a contrast material into a blood vessel.
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). This procedure, which uses a strong magnetic field, can generate a composite 3-D view of your brain.
- Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA). This is a method of evaluating the arteries in your neck and brain. It uses a strong magnetic field similar to MRI.
Lliades MD, Chris. "Think You're Too Young for a Stroke? Think Again." EverydayHealth.com. Web. 12 Jan. 2016.
"Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA, Mini-Stroke) Symptoms, Causes, Treatment - What Is the Treatment for a Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA)? - MedicineNet." MedicineNet. Web. 12 Jan. 2016.
BY Maya Mary-Joe and Adelina Munyama