Stroke / Transient Ischemic Attacks (TIA)

What is Stroke / Transient Ischemic Attacks (TIA)?

Transient ischemic attacks usually last a few minutes. Most signs and symptoms disappear within an hour. The signs and symptoms of TIA resemble those found early in a stroke and may include sudden onset of: Weakness, numbness or paralysis in your face, arm or leg, typically on one side of your body.


Symptoms of transient ischemic attacks TIA occur suddenly always best to call 911 and TIA are always temporary. They usually go away in 10 to 20 minutes. TIA symptoms are just like Stroke Symptom. Each stroke increases with age, but stroke in young people does happen, including infants, children, adolescents, and young adults. In general, most experts consider a young stroke age to be under 45. Even though the overall rate of stroke is decreasing, it is increasing for young and middle- aged people, those between 20 and 54 years of age.

Certain parts of the brain is affected

  • Sudden numbness, tingling,weakness, or loss of movement in your face, arm, or leg, especially on only one side of your body.
  • Sudden vision changes.
  • Sudden trouble speaking.
  • Sudden confusion or trouble understanding simple statements.
  • Sudden problems with walking or balance.

Treatment Methods

First sign for TIA always see and Doctor to check on how bad the stroke is.

Your treatment for a TIA may include taking medicines to prevent a stroke or having surgery to reopen narrow arteries .

Medicines may include aspirin,clopidogrel, dipyridamole with aspirin, or warfrian.

If your carotid arteries are significantly narrowed, you may need a procedure to widen the arteries. This may prevent another TIA or a stroke.

Two Types of Stroke: Hemorrhagic and Ischemic

Pictures of stroke

Big image
Big image


Treatment for a transient ischemic attack is aimed at preventing a second stroke. Since there is no way of determining the severity of future episodes, and no guarantee that the symptoms will resolve, prevention of a future TIA or CVA is crucial.


  • Carotid ultrasonography. A wand-like device (transducer) sends high-frequency sound waves into your neck. After the sound waves pass through your tissue and back, your doctor can analyze images on a screen to look for narrowing or clotting in the carotid arteries.
  • Computerized tomography (CT) scanning. CT scanning of your head uses X-ray beams to assemble a composite 3-D look at your brain.
  • Computerized tomography angiography (CTA) scanning.Scanning of the head may also be used to noninvasively evaluate the arteries in your neck and brain. CTA scanning uses X-rays similar to a standard CT scan of the head but may also involve injection of a contrast material into a blood vessel.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). This procedure, which uses a strong magnetic field, can generate a composite 3-D view of your brain.
  • Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA). This is a method of evaluating the arteries in your neck and brain. It uses a strong magnetic field similar to MRI.


Lliades MD, Chris. "Think You're Too Young for a Stroke? Think Again." Web. 12 Jan. 2016.

"Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA, Mini-Stroke) Symptoms, Causes, Treatment - What Is the Treatment for a Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA)? - MedicineNet." MedicineNet. Web. 12 Jan. 2016.

BY Maya Mary-Joe and Adelina Munyama