Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela

Zach B.

Location

The Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela is located in Northwest Spain in Galicia. The exact location of the cathedral is 42.8° N and 8.5° W.

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This is where Spain is located in the World

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This is where the cathedral is located in Spain.

History

Legend says that St. James was one of the twelve disciples and brought Christianity to Spain, however, St. James was killed in Jerusalem in 44 C.E. His body was brought back to Spain the Cathedral was built over his tomb that was discovered in 819 A.D. In 997 A.D. Al-Mansur, the leader of the Moorish army, had the cathedral destroyed, but fortunately left the relics undisturbed. Al-Mansur forced Santiago's citizens to carry the bells of the tower to the Mosque in Cordoba. Reconstruction of the cathedral began in 1060 in the region of Alfonso Vl and was completed in 1211. Remains of St. James were hidden in 1700 due to there being an English invasion. The remains were rediscovered during building work in 1879.

Description

The cathedral has a Romanesque baroque style interior. It is said to be one of the finest Romanesque churches in Spain. On the inside of the cathedral there is a long hallway that is alined with pillars on the sides of the pillars there are statues of St. James. It is 330 ft. high and 230 ft. wide. The capacity is 1200 people. The building is built almost entirely out of granite.

The Pilgrimage

If you were planning on walking on this trail the average time taken to walk takes 30 days. As you walk you will see a scallop shell markings along the side of the trail. These markings show you that you are walking in the same right direction that the pilgrims walked. If you complete the Camino de Santiago trail at the end you receive the Compostela certificate.

Its Sacredness

St. James was one of the twelve disciples that sheared the last dinner with Jesus Christ and brought Christianity to Spain. The Cathedral was built in the name of Christianity and people go there to pry or be healed. It is also considered a religious pilgrimage.
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Fun Facts

Camino de Santiago translates to The Way of St James. Traditionally the pilgrims started the Camino from their own homes. Over 200,000 pilgrims reach Santiago each year and receive their Compostela certificate. On top of the Pilgrimages, over 2.5 million tourists visit the cathedral each year.

Works Cited

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“Compostela Document.” The Way of Saint James: The Compostela Document. All About Spain, 1996-2016. Web. 16 Feb. 2016. <http://www.red2000.com/spain/santiago/compostela.html>.

Cue, Eduardo. “The Seekers.” US News & World Report 26 Nov. 2007: 58. Print.

“14 Fascinating Facts & Figures about the Camino De Santiago.” Discover the World with Academic Arrangements Abroad. N.p., 2 May 2014. Web. 7 Feb. 2016. <https://arrangementsabroad.wordpress.com/2014/05/02/14-fascinating-facts-figures-about-the-camino-de-santiago/>.

“Interior-Cathedral-Of-Santiago-De-Compostella.jpg.” Santiago De Compostela Cathedral. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Feb. 2016. <http://advancedplacementonline.blogspot.com/2013/07/santiago-de-compostela-cathedral.html>.

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“Map of the Compostela in Spain.” Stylepinners. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2016. <http://www.stylepinner.com/spain-santiago-de-compostela/c3BhaW4tc2FudGlhZ28tZGUtY29tcG9zdGVsYQ/>.

“Pics of Last Supper.” Turn Back to God. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Feb. 2016. <http://www.turnbacktogod.com/pics-of-the-last-supper-jesus-and-disciples/>.

Reed, Jessica. “Pilgrims on the Camino De Santiago Walking to Santiago De Compostela in Spain.” The Pilgrimage, the Cat and the Momentary Lapse of Atheism. TheGuardian, 5 Oct. 2012. Web. 16 Feb. 2016. <http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/belief/2012/oct/05/pilgrimage-cat-atheism-camino-de-santiago>.

“Relics of St. James under the High Altar.” Sacred Destinations. Sacred Destinations, n.d. Web. 29 Feb. 2016. <http://www.sacred-destinations.com/spain/santiago-cathedral>.

“Santiago De Compostela.” Famous Wonders. N.p., n.d. Web. 7 Feb. 2016. <http://famouswonders.com/santiago-de-compostela/>.

“Santiago De Compostela.” Places of Peace and Power. Martin Gray, 1982-2016. Web. 25 Feb. 2016. <https://sacredsites.com/europe/spain/santiago_de_compostela.html>.

“Santiago De Compostela.” Sacred Destinations. Sacred Destinations, 2016. Web. 4 Feb. 2016. <http://www.sacred-destinations.com/spain/santiago-cathedral>.

“10 Fun Facts about the Camino De Santiago.” Adventure.Travel. Adventure.Travel, n.d. Web. 25 Feb. 2016. <http://www.adventure.travel/10-fun-facts-about-the-camino-de-santiago/>.

“20 CAMINO De Santiago Facts You Need to Know.” Camino Ways. N.p., 20 Sept. 2015. Web. 7 Feb. 2016. <http://caminoways.com/camino-de-santiago-facts-you-need-to-know#.Vrd7Sce_Ywk>.