Dodge ball

by Jess Murphy 7e

Dodge ball

Dodge ball is a game in which players on two teams try to throw balls at each other while avoiding being hit themselves. If you get hit by a ball you are out, If you catch a ball on the full the person who threw it is out, the first team to get the whole other team out wins.
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Skill Related Components

Muscular Power

This skill creates a quick and powerful movement or and "explosion". Muscular power is important in dodge ball because you need to be able to throw the dodge ball in an explosive way so your opponent doesn't have time to get out of the way.


Speed is how fast a person can travel from point A to point B. Speed is one of the most important skills in dodge ball because you need to be quick to get out of the way of the dodge balls


Agility is related to speed and it determines how fast you can change direction or dodge meaning it is another vital skill in dodge ball. If there are many dodge balls flying at you at once you need to be able to maneuver around the so as to stay in the game.


Coordination is the ability for body parts to work together to create a strong fluid movement. You need coordination for a strong fluid movement when throwing the ball to gain extra speed.


Balance is the ability to stay upright or in control of body movement. You need balance in dodge ball so you don't fall over when you run or dodge or throw.

Reaction Time

This skill refers to how long it takes for you to react to something happening around you. You need a very quick reaction time in dodge ball so you can get out of the way in time so you don't get out.

Health Related Components

Muscular Strength

Muscular Strength is how much you can lift once. It is not a very important component in dodge ball as the dodge balls aren't very heavy.

Muscular Endurance

Muscular Endurance is how many times you can do the same action involving muscular strength over a long period of time. Muscular Endurance is an important component as you need to throw the dodge balls until everyone on the opposite team is out.

Cardiovascular Endurance

It is the ability to exercise continually over a long period of time without tiring. This is important in dodge ball as you are going to need to run for a long time in dodge ball and if you get tired you'll be less likely to be able to dodge and throw well.


Flexibility is the capacity of a joint or muscle to move through its full range of motion. Flexibility is not very necessary but helpful in dodge ball as it may help you dodge oncoming attacks.

Body Composition

The amount of Muscle vs Fat in the body. Body composition is not necessary in dodge ball, anyone can play!

Basic Skills


Throwing is to propel something (a dodge ball) with force through the air by a movement of the arm and hand. This is required to get people out in dodge ball.


To grab so as to stop motion of an object thrown toward you e.g. a dodge ball. You will need to catch dodge balls so as to get people out.


Avoid something (a dodge ball) by a quick sudden movement. It is vital to be able to dodge in dodge ball it is literally the name of the game. If you cannot you will get out too easily.

Training Session

Session Introduction

To improve the skills of the 8 - 10 year olds in Dodge ball. This means that they will get better at dodge ball allowing them to enjoy the sport more.

Warm up

1. A short 10 - 15 minute jog to improve cardiovascular endurance and speed

2. Stretch to make sure you don't pull a muscle e.g. Star jumps, squats, lunges.

Games, Skill and Fitness Activities

1. Practise throwing and catching. Divide into pairs and throw a ball between the pairs at a 10 - 20 metre distance. Repeat for about 5 minutes to improve muscular endurance.

2. Practise dodging. Divide into groups of 3. Have 1 person throw the ball at another person who then has to dodge, the 3rd person is then standing behind the dodger and catches the ball. Switch places. Repeat until each person has had a minute in each role.

3. Practise sidestepping around a course of cones in a zigzag pattern to improve agility.

4. Play a short 10 - 15 minute game of dodge ball.

Cool Down

1. A short 5 - 10 minute Jog.

2. Stretch, a bit less energy required though, e.g. touch your toes, hand to foot stretch, "v" stretch.


The Kids had a lot of fun, they really enjoyed it and learnt good techniques to improve their dodge ball skills

By Jess Murphy