Child Labor

19th Century Britain L.hilbourn

Kids as the chimney sweepers

This young boy stops to pose for a photo after a long day of cleaning out chimneys for the people
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Jobs Children Did in the Factories

  • Victorian Child Labor covered a broad spectrum of occupations.
  • The dirtiest jobs were given to the children. Many times a child would be told to clean under machines even while they were running.
  • Factory machines made all kinds of things. Machines did jobs(that kids worked on or with), such as spinning, previously been done by families at home.
  • Many young girls did the same task like spinning but would be paid less because they were a girl.

Hours, Food, and Working Conditions

  • One of the on the job aspects of Victorian Child Labor was the dreadful working conditions.
  • Victorian Children would work from 12 to 18 hours a day.
  • The constant breathing in of soot caused irreversible lung damage in many children in the col mines.
  • Children as young as five or six were forced to work thirteen to sixteen hours a day for slave wages and barely any food.

Accidents that often Happened

  • Being sent down the chimney the first several times would cause the child’s arms, elbows, legs and knees to be rubbed and scraped raw.
  • Many accidents occurred injuring or killing children on the job.
  • Some children in the coal mines developed permanent spine deformation from having to walk stooped over constantly.
  • In factories many children lost hands and feet trying to clean the machine(while it was still running).

Punisments Children Faced

  • The treatment of children in factories was often cruel and unusual, and the children's safety was generally neglected.
  • The people who the children served would beat them, verbally abuse them.
  • Both boys and girls who worked in factories were subject to beatings and other harsh forms of pain infliction.
  • An overseer would tie a heavy weight to worker's neck, and have them walk up and down the factory aisles so the other children could see them and "take example."

Efforts to Improve/Stop Child Labor

  • There were people in this time period that strongly advocated the use or the abolishment of child labor, or at least the improvement of conditions.
  • The first step to improving conditions was in 1833 with the Factory Act passed by Parliament.
  • This limited the amount of hours children of certain ages could work.
  • children were to attend school for no less than two hours during the day.