Misleading graphs

learn about them today

what is a misleading graph

 A misleading graph, also known as a distorted graph, is a graph which misrepresents data, constituting a misuse of statistics and with the result that an incorrect conclusion may be derived from it.

why are misleadiong graphs made??

Misleading graphs may be created intentionally to hinder the proper interpretation of data or accidentally due to unfamiliarity with graphing software, misinterpretation of data, or because data cannot be accurately conveyed. Misleading graphs are often used in false advertising. One of the first authors to write about misleading graphs was Darrell Huff, publisher of the 1954 book How to Lie with Statistics.

examples of misleading graphs

how can graphs be misleading

Graphs may be misleading through being excessively complex or poorly constructed. Even when constructed to accurately display the characteristics of their data, graphs can be subject to different interpretation

what are some pros and cons of mislaeding graphs

PROSthey help you figuer out what it should look like  they make you think about the graph CONS confusing gives you wrong infomation

how to aviod misleading graphs

The field of data visualization describes ways to present information that avoids creating misleading graphs.The following things are important to consider when looking at a graph:                                                                                                                                1. Title     2. Labels on both axes of a line or bar chart and on all sections of a pie chart  3. Source of the data 4. Key to a pictograph   5. Uniform size of a symbol in a pictograph  6. Scale: Does it start with zero? If not, is there a break shown  7. Scale: Are the numbers equally spaced?