London Times

Industrial Revolution Paper-Murray

The Industrial Revolution Intro

The Industrial Revolution was the time when the manufacturing process was given a boost. It started around 1760, and everything that happens ultimately helps industry in one way or another. It started in Great Britain, then it spread to Western Europe and the Americas. During this time, the transition was from hand production, to machines. There was new chemical manufacturing, and a new way to produce iron. The efficiency of water power was improved, as well as steam power, which made its debut during the revolution. There was also the development of machine tools. There was a change of wood and other bio-fuels to coal.

This was a major turning point in history, because almost every aspect of life was affected due to these advancements in technology.

Some of the inventors during this time were James Watt, the inventor of the steam engine, Eli Whitney, inventor of the cotton gin, Henry Bessemer, inventor of the first inexpensive, mass-producing process for steel, Edward Jenner, the father of immunizations, and Louis Pasteur, the inventor of the process of pasteurization.

All of these inventions changed the way people lived. The steam engine was both positive and negative, because is created a great source of energy, but it burns coal, which helps to ruin the environment. The cotton gin also had positive and negative effects, it increased the agriculture industry, but also influenced plantation owners to buy more slaves to harvest all the cotton they're now capable of growing and processing. The new way to make steel had a positive effect, which was a way to make a strong material more accessible for building construction. Immunizations had a positive effect, for it gave humans a tolerance for diseases so we could fight them better. Pasteurization has a positive effect, which is that liquids aren't contaminated, like milk or wine.

How was Society Changed?

The steam engine allowed for machines to run off of burning coal and boiling water in order to work. Since both were abundant at the time, this was able to run the machines until they wore out and had to be replaced. This also allowed for more jobs to be available, which influenced urbanization, and business men were gaining profits like never before because they had an engine they could run to make all the machines work, which everyone they hired handled. Because it was burning coal, it allowed pollution, but other than that, it made a great vehicle engine and was implemented into ships, so they could go across a entire body of water on one man shoveling coal.


The cotton gin allowed for those in the agricultural business to be able to grow cotton, and easily get the usable stuff to the textile industry, which lead to the great market for cotton clothing. This may have lead to the great slave markets, but other than that, farmers were making a great deal of money.

The steel making company was revolutionized by Bessemer's process. It allowed for steel to be made cheaply, and efficiently. This mean that people didn't need to look for foreign steel. This also allowed for anything made out of steel to be made cheaply as well, since they didn't have to pay for foreign goods, and, if the person was in PA, they didn't need to pay for shipping, or as much at least.

Immunizations were very much needed, and had Jenner not revolutionized vaccines, we wouldn't be able to fight off diseases like tetanus, the Flu, or others.

If we didn't have pasteurization, we would be spending a lot more on wine, beer, and milk, since those have bacteria in them, and thus, able to spoil. Because Pasteur discovered this process, we are able to buy a gallon of milk, and keep it fresh longer. Same for people back then. They were able to keep milk, beer, and wine fresher, longer. This was especially great if you were a dairy farmer, a brewer, or a vineyard owner.