Spanish society in 19th century

Economy and industrialisation social transformation


Throughout this century economic and social transformations were bringing Spain to a modern society.

Economy and industrialisation

Industrial Revolution was late and slow Basque country Catalonia and large cities underdeveloped techology England or Germany advance machine ,,main forms of transport first train line Barcelona ans Mataró in 1848.RAILAW DIDNT APPEAR UNTIL THE SECOND HALF OF THE CENTURY.


Social problems such as harsh working konditions even child exploitation in rural aeras the peasants also lived in extreme poverty.The bourgeise were now the upper class.They lived in modern neighbourhoods called ensanches.
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The bougeoisie became richi dominant social class poor neighbourhoods with extremely bad living conditions.

Art and culture

Artist portrayed the changed of the times artistic styles emerged the majority of the population was illiterate.
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Begining of the century revolutionary atmosphere and faraway places.


Middle of the century show the most disadvantaged industrial society.
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End of the century technological advances on their work.
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Generation of ´98

Group of writers and intelectuals who critisiced Spanish society modernisation.
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Scientist advances

Several researches archieved scientific advances for example Ramón y Cajal first Nobel prize .
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