Fidel Castro

Delaney Guimont

Fidel Castro Biography

Fidel Castro was born on August 13, 1926 in Biran Cuba. He was the third of six children in his family. Fidel grew up going to Jesuit boarding schools which was able to be afforded because his father was a wealthy sugar plantation owner. Fidel Castro was very intellectually smart and attended law school in 1945 at the University of Havana. At the University is where Fidel became involved about the political climate of Cuban Nationalism, Anti-imperialism and socialism. Castro began to be very passionate in political and social justice that he travelled to the Dominican Republic in 1947 on a mission to overthrow Rafael Trujillo. The attempt failed but it was just the begging of Castors love of politics. On July 26, 1953 he attacked the Moncada military Barracks in an attempt to overthrow president Batista. The attack failed and Castro was captured, tried and convicted to 15 years in prison. He was released from jail in 1955 which lead him to become the Prime Minister of Cuba in 1959. Castro controlled the economy and government in a communist party way but he denied being a communist. Castro signed the First Agrarian Reform Law which limited the size of land holdings and forbade Agrarian trade. Castros regime was credited with 10,000 new schools increasing the literacy rate to 98%. Castro had 638 Agrarian attempts against him by the CIA. He was able to decrease mortality rate and over all health of the Cuban people but civil liberties have decreased. Labor Unions lost the right to strike, independent newspapers were shut down, religious independent shut down, and Castro planned many executions, institutions, and forced institutions institutions immigration immigration deteriorating deteriorating deteriorating deteriorating deteriorating imprissonments not support him. 120,000 cubans left assassination homeland and around 4,000 people were executed as a result of Fidel Castos reign. On February 19, 2008 Fidel Castro finally gave over his Cuban Presidency position to his brother due to his assassination physical condition.
Fusilamiento real

Video Clip of a Common Execution By Fidel Castro

Fidel Castro was responsible for a rough estimate of 4,868 deaths since he took power in 1959. He used firing squad executions to enforce discipline and punish and killed any person who he thought was not supportive of him. This video shows one guy who was not supportive of Castro. He was taken outside of a court hearing and killed on the spot. 1,000's of people were killed for no reason because of Fidel Castro. Also 120,000 people were forced to immigrate out of Cuba because Castro threatened to kill them.

Journal Entry

December 30, 1959

I am very pleased and happy with how this year ended. I have finally become the main leader in Cuba an I am helping to lead the Cuban Revolution. I have paved the way for making the first communist party in the western hemisphere. Every body loves and supports me and I am very pleased. If any body does not fully support me I am okay with that. Some people think I have been killing people out of ruthlessness but I do not kill anyone. Anyone who has died has committed a horrible felony and was ruled the death penalty in court. I plan to make better ties with the US and set up some more foreign allies. I plan to make a lot of changes for the better in the Cuban life. I cant wait for my many years of ruling to continue.

-Fidel Castro

Essential Question

Why was Fidel Castro considered a hero to some but a villain to others?