The Stone Ages

Comparing the Neolithic And Paleolithic Stone Ages

Neolithic Age

The Neolithic Age, Era, or Period, or New Stone Age, was a period in the development of human technology, beginning about 9500 BC in the Middle East that is traditionally considered the last part of the Stone Age.

How it Began

It began with the rise of Farming, which produced the "Neolithic Revolution" and ending when metal tools became widespread in the Bronze Age or developing directly into the Iron Age, depending on geographical region.

What Was Farmed


Early Neolithic farming was limited to a narrow range of plants, both wild and domesticated, which included einkorn wheat, millet and spelt, and the keeping of dogs, sheep and goats. By about 8000 BC, it included domesticated cattle and pigs, the establishment of permanently or seasonally inhabited settlements.

Paleolithic Age

The Paleolithic Age is a prehistoric period of human history distinguished by the development of the most primitive stone tools discovered.

How Life Was Maintained

During the Paleolithic, humans grouped together in small societies such as bands, and subsisted by gathering plants and fishing, hunting or scavenging wild animals. Some plants included berries, fruit and nuts. They hunted whatever they could find


Paleolithic humans made tools of stone, bone, and wood. The earliest Paleolithic stone tool industry, the Olduwan, was developed by the earliest members of the genus Homo such as Homo habilis, around 2.6 million years ago

The People