Urinary Tract Infection

By: Kortney Carder

Causes For UTI

  1. Infection of the bladder caused by E. Coli
  2. Infection of Urethra

UTI can be heredity but it is not contagious.

Risk Factors:


  1. Being Female (50% of women will have at least one UTI)
  2. Being sexually active
  3. Using certain birth controls
  4. Completing menopause
  5. Having urinary tract abnormalities

Definition and Body System

An infection in any area of the urinary system:


  • Bladder
  • Kidneys
  • Ureters
  • Urethra

If left untreated it can cause permanent damage to the kidneys.

Treatments

Simple Infection:


  1. Sulfamethoxazole- trimethoprim- stops the spread of infection.
  2. Amoxicillin: Prevents growth of bacteria
  3. Nitrofurantoin: prevents growth of bacteria
  4. Ampicillin: interferes with the cell wall and bacteria.
  5. Ciprofloxacin: Kills bacteria.
  6. Levofloxacin: Kills the bacteria.



Frequent infections:


  1. Longer course of antibiotics
  2. Home Urine Tests
  3. A single dose of antibiotics after sexual intercourse
  4. If postmenopausal vaginal estrogen therapy

Severe Infection:



  1. May need treatment with intravenous antibiotics in a hospital.

Drink Cranberry juice and plenty of water.

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Prevention

  1. Drink plenty of liquids, especially water
  2. Wipe from front to back
  3. Empty bladder after intercourse
  4. Avoid potentially irritating feminine products.

Symptoms

  1. Pain while urinating
  2. Weakness
  3. Tiredness
  4. The inability to completely empty the bladder
  5. Pain or pressure in the rectum
  6. Change in appearance or odor of urine.
  7. Frequent urination

Interrelations

Urinary Tract Infections can affect the:

  1. Kidney
  • infections
  • diseases
  • Permanent damage.
  1. Bloodstream: Can cause bacteria in the bloodstream if untreated.
  2. Can cause premature births


Bladder infection - Causes and treatment