Modern Texas

By: Sophia Panagiotopoulos

World War I

Two Key People

Woodrow Wilson- During this period, he was the president of the United States. He was important because he had to make important decisions for the country.

Edward House- He was powerful in Texas politics before he became a part of Woodrow administration.

Countries that were Involved

France, Great Britain, and Russia were against the forces of Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire. The United States remained neutral although many citizens wanted to join the war.


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Specific Questions

What caused the U.S. to enter WWI? Germany offered Mexico,Texas back if they helped in war.The U.S. entered the war when Villa a Mexican leader sent troops into New Mexico. They killed several Americans and the U.S. then kept Villa off the border since they could not capture them.

How did Texas play an important role in the war? Recruits trained in Texas and many soldiers were from Texas. Four Texans won Congressional Medal of Honor and many had important government roles during the war.

How did WWI end? The United States won against Germany and more than 5,000 Texans died during the war, but the ones who survived were proud of what they did for the U.S.

The Great Depression

Herbert Hoover's Involvement

Hoover did not believe that the Great Depression would last very long. He blamed it on international economic problems and believed that the businesses should solve the problem. He did not believe that the federal government should get involved in helping unemployed people. Instead, he relied on state and local governments, churches, charities, and individuals to provide relief.
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Four Specific Questions

How did Franklin Rosevelt pull the country out of depression? He created the New Deal which gave relief to the poor and unemployed people. He also recovered the economy so that there would never be a depression again.

What caused the dust bowl and how did it affect farmers in Texas? Farmers overplanting their fields for wheat causes the dust bowl. It killed livestock, ruined crops, and causes the farmers to abandoned their land.

Which New Deal programs were important to Texas? The fact that they gave the poor and unemployed people a new start to find a job and get money.

How were tenant farmers and miners affected by the Great Depression? It caused them to go in debt and to loose their jobs. Some had to find new jobs or they would become poor.

World War II

Two Key People

Harry Turman- He was the president of the U.S. when WWII started, so he had to make very big decisions to keep America safe

Dorie Miller- He was an African American soldier for Waco who fought on an American Ship. Without any gun experience, he ran onto the attackers ship and fired. In the end, he shot down one or more Japanese soldiers.

Countries that were Involved

Germany and Japan were against Great Britain, China, France, the U.S., and soon the Soviet Union.
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Three Specific Questions

How did Texas contribute to the nation's military effort in fighting World War II? Many Texas volunteered to fight in the armed forces. Some units were made up of all Texas soldiers. More Texans volunteered throughout the war.

How did life change for the Texans on the home front during World War II? People who lived along the coast were worried because of attacks from other countries. Galveston and other cities practiced air-raid drills just in case there was an attack on the cities no one would get hurt.

How did WWII end? The U.S. brought victory in 1945 due to Allies and the Industrial might. The German leader, Ado;f Hitler killed himself and Germany surrendered. Millions of innocent Jews were killed in concentration camps which be soon known as the Holocaust. The Japanese would not surrender, so the U.S. dropped an atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima which killed tens of thousands of people. They still would not surrender so they U.S. dropped a second bomb this time on the city of Nagasaki. Japan then surrendered. The war left destruction across Europe and Asia, and many people were left without homes and starving. Governments and leaders around the world sought ways to rebuild their countries to prevent another terrible war.