Reading work sample practice

Michaela Morris

How to Train a Dog

By Dr. William Fortney

Among the many important responsibilities dog owners have, training a dog is among the most important. Well-trained pets are easier to care for and love, cause less damage to your home (and theirs), and live happier lives. In this article, we cover many of the basics of dog training. But we also cover some important facets of dogs themselves -- which you need to be familiar with in order to communicate with your pooch.These include how dogs communicate to you through body language and noises. Dogs send myriad messages with their bodies and their voices -- this is one reason why they're so fascinating and beloved. The more you understand their messages, the more you understand them and how your own messages are being understood. Read this entire article carefully -- there are three sections after this one -- and then put the wisdom into practice. Here's what we'll cover:

Understanding a Dog's Body Language

Dogs use their entire body to communicate. Their eyes and ears are especially dynamic, and they give sure-fire clues to dogs' emotions and impulses. How dogs tilt their heads, move their legs and torsos, wag (or raise or drop) their tails -- all these things contribute to the messages being sent. In this section, we cover many of the silent messages your pooch will give you, from his nose to his tail.

Interpreting Dog Barks and Noises

Dogs are probably the most "verbally" expressive of all domesticated animals, and this only adds to their charm. From the whine of a puppy to the angry growl of an adult, dogs mean what they say. The more you understand these signals, the happier you and your dog will be. At the same time, it's important to know which noises constitute an annoyance, and how to train your dog to stop making them. We'll offer suggestions on teaching a dog to stop barking in this section.

Dog-Training Tips

It's important to know not only how to train a dog, but what to train it to do. Puppies have no sense of correct behavior, so they offer a million things you could correct; which should you address? In this section, we'll cover what to correct as well as how to train a pooch. We'll also discuss dog obediences classes -- also known as puppy kindergarten -- and specific thing you can teach your dog if you plan on traveling with it. Life tosses up myriad challenges to a dog's sense of obedience, and the more he's trained to understand, the happier you both will be. Finally, for fun and practical benefit, we'll cover a few basic tricks you can teach your dog. They're a wonderful way to bond with your pet and to entertain the both of you, while teaching it how to behave and react to your commands. Everybody wins!

Fortney, William. "How to Train a Dog." Animal Planet. Discovery Communications, Web. 29 May 2013. <>.



1. What did you observe from this article?

2. How would you compare training to not training your dog?


1. Discuss the pros and cons of training your dog?

2. How would you explain how to train your k9?


1. What is your opinion of this reading?

2. What is the most important thing you pulled out of this section?



1. I observed that if you train your dog when he's a puppy it's easier then when he's an adult dog.

2. If I were to compare training to not training my dog I would say, training helps you and the dog have a better relationship, were as not training your dog can lead to problems in the future.


1. If you train your dog , the upside of that is that your dog will do what your instructing him to do, but you also have a downside to this if your training him yourself. One downside would be that you don't train him correctly.

2. If I were to train my dog, I would start with the most important things first and work my way up to Lesser of importance. For example I would potty train then work up to commands, like stay or sit.


1. Of this reading my impression is that it's a really great article and this will help a lot of people with training mans best friend.

2. The most important thing I pulled out of this article would be to not forget that in the end there dogs, they need love and kind attention too.


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